A philosopher and educational reformer of the late nineteenth and early twentieth
centuries. As a philosopher, Dewey followed pragmatism, and its practical orientation carried over into his educational ideas, which became the basis of progressive education.
The great slowdown in the American economy, the worst in the country’s history,
which began in 1929 and lasted until the early 1940s. Many banks and businesses failed, and millions of people lost their jobs.
A political leader of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Debs was five
times the presidential candidate of the Socialist party. He was imprisoned in the 1890s for illegally encouraging a railway strike; Clarence Darrow was his defense attorney. During World War I, he was imprisoned again, this time for his criticism of the war.
A description by President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the day of the
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor—December 7, 1941. Roosevelt was addressing Congress, asking it to declare war on Japan
Date that will live in infamy
One of the two major political parties in the United States; the Democrats. The
origins of the Democrats are in the Democratic-Republican party, organized by Thomas Jefferson in the late eighteenth century; the first president elected simply as a Democrat was Andrew Jackson. Always strong in the South, the party was severely damaged by secession, the Civil War, and Reconstruction, and did not produce a winning presidential candidate between 1861 and 1885, when Grover Cleveland was elected.