What are the 6 strong acids?
- HCL - Hydrochloric Acid
- HBR - Hydrobromic Acid
- HI - Hydroiodic Acid
- HCLO4 - Perchloric Acid
- HCLO3 - Chloric Acid
- HNO3 - Nitric Acid
- H2SO4 - Sulfuric Acid
What are the 8 strong bases?
- LiOH - Lithium Hydroxide
- NaOH - Sodium Hydroxide
- KOH - Potassium Hydroxide
- RbOH - Rubidium Hydroxide
- CsOH - Cesium Hydroxide
- Ca(OH)2 - Calcium Hydroxide
- Sr(OH)2 - Strontium Hydroxide
- Ba(OH)2 - Barium Hydroxide
What are considered to be strong electrolytes?
- Dissolved ionic compounds
- Strong acids
- Strong bases
What are considered to be weak electrolytes?
- "insoluble ionic compounds"
- Weak molecular acids
- Weak molecular bases
What are considered to be non-electrolytes?
Dissolved molecular compounds
Do acids give up or accept an H+ ion?
Do bases give up or accept an H+ ion?
How do u decide if the compound is an acid?
It begins with H or has COOH in it
How do u decide if the compound is a base?
- Metal & OH-
- An N followed by an H
Sulfide (S) is soluble with what?
- Group 1 & 2 & NH4
- Therefore insoluble with everything else
Are hydrocarbons SE, WE, or NE?
What is CH3COO considered? SE, WE, or NE
What is CH3COOH? SE, WE, or NE
Compounds containing _________ are soluble.
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, NO3-, & C2H3O2 (CH3COO)
Compounds containing CL-, Br- & I- are soluble except with ___________
Ag+, Hg2/2+, or Pb2+
Sulfates (SO2-/4) are soluble except when paired with _________.
Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, & Ca2+
Compounds containing OH- are insoluble except when paired with ________.
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, Ca2+, Sr2+, & Ba2+
Compounds containing S2- are insoluble except when paired with ___________.
Ca2+, Sr2+, & Ba2+
Carbonates (CO2-/3) & Phosphates (PO3-/4) are insoluble except when paired with ___________.
Li+, Na+, K+, or NH4+