1. Why observe?
    • -safety
    • -guidance
    • -discover interests
    • -curriculum planning
    • -assessment
    • -accountability
    • -extend childrens' learning
  2. Observation
    • -see/observe
    • -interpret for meaning
    • -make decision to act or to do nothing
  3. Anecdotal Notes
    • A brief account of an event.  Tells a story.  Taken over time and of development areas-gives picture of child's development.
    • ·        A brief account of an important developmental event.
    • ·        One directly observed incident written in a short, concise, nonjudgmental narrative
    • ·        A specific incident or event that teacher identifies as important in the child’s development
  4. Meaningful Anecdotal Notes
    • Have a beginning, middle, and end
    • -descriptive
    • -snapshots of child's skills and abilities
    • -objective
    • -provide details
    • -written in past tense
  5. Advantages of Anecdotal Notes
    • -most commonly used because they are quick and easy to do
    • -only pen and paper required
    • -can focus on significant behaviors in different developmental domains
    • -include valuable info about the context of the behavior
    • -can be done without separating self from ongoing class activities
    • -can focus on both typical and atypical behavior
  6. Disadvantages of Anecdotal Notes
    • -not a complete picture of behavior
    • -possible bias: observer chooses what to record
  7. When to Use Anecdotal Notes
    -anytime observing children:  tell a story about what you see
  8. Important Things to Remember When Writing Anecdotal Notes
    • 1.Set the stage:  where are you, what is happening, describe setting, how many children, what are they doing/saying
    • 2.Use direct quotes
    • 3.Stay objective
    • 4.Provide detailed descriptions
    • **no emotion/feeling words unless quoting a child
    • **no "looks like", "I think"
  9. Observing
    • Observe
    • Record in past tense
    • Organize notes
    • Reflect
    • Use
  10. Cephalocaudal
    growth occurs from head to toe (upper body before lower body)
  11. Proximal Distal
    growth proceeds from torso outward (e.g. sucking, before kicking)
  12. Predictable Physical Development Stages
    *Principles of Motor Skills Development
    • Cephalocaudal - head to toe (1. head lift 2. sit, stand, walk)
    • Proximal Distal - inside to out (1. sucking 2. kicking)

    Physical development is individualized, cuture and ethnicity can influence
  13. Fine Motor Skills
    • most difficult to master
    • develop step by step
    • contribute to child's ability to explore
    • are enhanced by development of gross motor
    • developed at same sequence as gross motor but age differs
    • involves small muscles that control extremities
  14. Fine Motor Development-Writing
    • age 3-5 = most rapid growth in fine motor skills
    • learning to write:  Development Stages
    • -scribble stage (w/any instrument)
    • -separated scribbles
    • -mock writing
    • -first letters
    • -string of letters
    • -copies print
    • -conventional writing
  15. Grounded Artwork & Fine Motor Skills
    • Understands placement of letters=ready to begin writing.
    • Artwork is a tool for assessing a child.
    • Most nerves are in the fingertips.
    • ***Relationship between art and writing is important for literacy development.
  16. Observer Role Guidelines
    • Be unobtrusive
    • Do not engage with the children
    • Do not stand over the children, sit down
    • Be professional
    • Do not interfere with teachers
    • Maintain confidentiality
  17. Gross Motor Development Milestones
    • Develop body awareness
    • Perfect eye/hand coordination
    • Improved balance
    • Awareness of position and space
    • Improvement in throwing, catching, and jumping skills
    • Engaging in imaginative activities that foster creativity while enhancing large muscle skills
  18. Running Record
    • Has a begin and end time.  Is written in present tense.
    • A sequential record over a given time to recorded while the behavior is occurring.
  19. Advantages of Running Record
    Can be used when a teacher is concerned about the behavior of a particular child or a small group of children.
  20. Disadvantages of Running Record
    • Require time and training to do.
    • When recording the teacher cannot interact with the children.
    • Behaviors are not seen in context, making it easy to miss some important information.
    • Small sample of time may cause frequency of occurence of certain behaviors to be overestimated.
  21. Developmental Domains
    • The whole child - whole growth
    • Cognitive
    • Social
    • Emotional
    • Physical
  22. Classroom Tools for Encouraging Gross & Fine Motor Skills Development
    • Provide activities
    • Provide play time
    • Provide crayons, pencils, paper, scissors, paint, variety of everyday items for fostering creativity
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