Medical Terminology chapter 4

  1. What seperates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity?
  2. The Abdominal cavity contains what organs?
    The liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach , pancreas, intestines, and kidneys.
  3. What does the prefix ana, or a mean?
    not or without
  4. Anaplasia
    A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form.
  5. Anatomical Position
    The standard reference point for the body as a whole, Standing with arms at sides and palms turned forward, head and feet are also pointed forward.
  6. Anter
  7. Anterior
    Pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body.
  8. Aplasia
    A development failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue.
  9. Cell Membrane
    The semipermable barrier that is the outer covering of the cell.
  10. What does the prefix cervic mean?
  11. Connecitive tissue
    tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
  12. Cyt
  13. Dysplasia
    Any abnormal development of tissues or organs
  14. Genes
    Segment of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
  15. Hist
  16. Histologist
    A medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues.
  17. Hypo
    Under, beneath, below, less than normal
  18. Hypoplasia
    Incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of decrease in the number of cells.
  19. Inferior
    Below or downward toward the tail or feet
  20. Inquin
  21. Later
  22. Lateral
    Pertaining to the side
  23. McBurney's point
    A point to the right side of the abdomen, about 2/3 of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominencMcBurney's point.jpge.
  24. Mediolateral
    Pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
  25. Midline of the bosy
    The imaginary "line" created when the bosy is divided into equal right and left halves.
  26. Nervous tissues
    tissue that transmits impulses throughtout the body, thereby activating coordinating, and controlling the many functions of the body.
  27. Nucleus
    The central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane
  28. Peritoneum
    A specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera
  29. Poster
    back of the bosy
  30. Posterior
    pertaining to the back of the body
  31. Prone
    Lying face down on abdomen
  32. Proxim
  33. Proximal
    toward or nearest to the trunk of the dosy or nearest to the point of origin of a body part
  34. Superficial
    Pertaining to the surface of the body or near the surface
  35. Superior
    above or upward toward the head
  36. Supine
    lying horizonally on the back, face up
  37. Thoracic cavity
    The chest cavity, which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and the trachea
  38. Umbilicus
    the navel
  39. Ventral
    Peraining to the front, belly side
  40. ventro
    belly front side
  41. Visceral
    Pertaining to the internal organs
  42. Visceral Muscle
    Smooth Muscle, muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines
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Medical Terminology chapter 4
med term 4