Lang. of Med.

  1. -algia
    pain and suffering
  2. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  3. -itis
  4. -osis
    abnormal condition, disease
  5. -ostomy
    surgically created opening
  6. -otomy
    cutting, surgical incision
  7. -plasty
    surgical repair
  8. -rrhage
  9. -rrhaphy
    surgical suturing
  10. -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  11. -rrhexis
  12. -sclerosis
    abnormal hardening
  13. Abdominocentesis
    surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
  14. Acronym
    word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term i.e ASAP= As Soon As Possible
  15. Acute
    an acute condition has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration
  16. Angiography
    the process of producing a picture or record of a blood vessel
  17. Appendectomy
    the surgical removal of the appendix
  18. Arteriosclerosis
    the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
  19. Arthralgia
    pain in a joint or joints
  20. Colostomy
    the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surfac
  21. Cyanosis
    a blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
  22. Dermatologist
    a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the skin
  23. Diagnosis
    the identification of a disease
  24. Diarrhea
    excessive and frequent evacuation of watery feces, usually indicating gastrointestinal distress or disorder
  25. dys-
    bad, difficult, or painful
  26. Erythrocyte
    mature red blood cells produced by the red bone marrow
  27. Fissure
    a groove or crack-like sore of the skin
  28. Fistula
    abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
  29. Gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the stomach and the intestines
  30. Gastrosis
    inflammation of the lining of the stomach
  31. Hemorrhage
    excessive discharge of blood from the blood vessels
  32. Hepatomegaly
    the condition of having an enlarged liver
  33. hyper-
    excessive or increased
  34. Hypertension
    high blood pressure
  35. hypo-
    deficient or decreased
  36. Hypotension
    abnormally low blood pressure
  37. Inflammation
    a local response to cellular injury that is a mechanism of eliminating damaged tissue
  38. Interstitial
    situated in a particular organ or tissue
  39. Intramuscular
    administered by, situated within, or occurring within entering a muscle
  40. Myelopathy
    disease of the spinal cord
  41. Myopathy
    a disease of muscle tissue
  42. Myorrhexis
    tearing of a muscle
  43. Natal
    pertaining to birth
  44. Neonatology
    study of disorders of the newborn
  45. Neuritis
    inflammation of a nerve or nerves
  46. Pathology
    the study and diagnosis of disease
  47. Phalanges
    a bone of a finger or toe
  48. Poliomyelitis
    a viral infectious disease of the grey matter of the spinal cord
  49. Prognosis
    is a prediction of a probable course and outcome of a disorder (plural, prognoses)
  50. Prostate
    is a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
  51. Pyoderma
    is any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo. (py/p means pus, and -derma means skin)
  52. Pyrosis-Sign
    • Pyrosis: a.k.a. Heartburn, discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
    • Remission: Temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
    • Sign: Objective evidence of a disease such as a fever(objective means the sign can be evaluated or measured by the patient or others)
  53. Supination
    the act of turning the arm so that the palm of the hand faces outwards
  54. Suppuration
    the formation or discharge of pus
  55. Supracostal
    above or outside the ribs
  56. Symptom
    subjective evidence of a disease, can only be measured or evaluated by the patient
  57. Syndrome
    a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of the disease process
  58. Tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  59. Trauma
    wound or injury. These are the types of injury that might occur in an accident, shooting, natural disaster or fire
  60. Triage
    the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
  61. Viral
    pertaining to a virus, which is a microorganism that cannot grow or reproduce apart from a living cell
Card Set
Lang. of Med.
Chapter 1