1. Coma is:
    being completely unaware of one's surroundings
  2. Risk factor, examples of Awareness of surroundings is:
    Coma is a state of being unaware of one's surroundings and being unable to react or respond to people, places or things

    Confused/disoriented- not understanding what is happening around them
  3. Agitated and agressive behaviors (examples of causes):
    Pain can cause these behaviors. So can confusion, decreased awareness of suroundings and fear of what may happen
  4. Impaired vision is a risk why:
    May not see toys, rugs, equipment, furniture, and cords. Some can not read lables on containers and poisoning may result
  5. Impaired hearing is a risk why:
    May not hear warning signals or fire alarms, or others bhind them with wheelchairs, carts and equipment trying to get by. They cannot hear to move safely out of the way.
  6. Impaired smell and touch is a risk factor because:
    Cannot detect smoke or gas odors. Burns are a risk with hot water and other hot items, problems sensing hot and cold. this may result in an injury.
  7. Impaired mobility is a risk because:
    A person may know there is a danger but cannot move to safety
  8. Paralysis means:
    Loss of muscle function, loss of sensation, or loss of muscle function and sensation.
  9. Patients taking prescription drugs are a risk factor why?
    Drugs have side effects including loss of balance, drowsiness, lack of coordination. Reduced awareness, confusion and disorientation can occur.
  10. Paralysis from the waist down is:
  11. Paralysis from the neck down is:
  12. Paralysis on one side of the body is:
  13. Report __________ changes and patient ________ to RN

  14. What five (5) risk factors are greater on an older person:
    • Slower movements and unsteadiness
    • Balance may be affected
    • Decreased sensitivity to heat and cold
    • Poor vision, hearing problems, and dulled sense of smell
    • Confusion, disorientation, memory problems, and poor judgment
  15. Most falls occur where (2 places):
    • Bedrooms
    • Bathrooms
  16. Most falls occur between what time:
    • 6-9pm
    • And often during shift changes
  17. Many falls are due to the patient having to do what?
    Urinate- and don't want to have an accident in the bed or in their pants
  18. Three things are needed for a fire:
    • A spark or flame
    • A material that will burn
    • Oxygen
  19. What does RACE stand for?
    • Rescue
    • Alarm
    • Confine
    • Extinguish
  20. What is an MSDS?
    Every hazardous substance has a material safety data sheet (MSDS).
  21. Choking is also known as:
    FBAO Foreign-body airway obstuction
  22. To operate a fire extinguisher do the following:
    • PASS
    • Pull the safety pin
    • Aim Low at the base of the fire
    • Squeeze the lever to start the stream
    • Sweep the stream back and forth at the base of the fire.
Card Set
chapter 8