1. asthenopia
  2. blepharospasm
    involuntary contraction of the muscles surrounding the eye, causing uncontrolled blinking and lid squeezing
  3. diplopia
    double vision
  4. exophthalmos
    abnormal protrusion of one or both eyeballs
  5. lacrimation
    secretion of tears
  6. nystagmus
    involuntary, rapid oscillatiing movement of the eyeball
  7. photophobia
    extreme sensitivity to, and discomfort from, light
  8. scotoma
    blind spot in vision
  9. refractive errors
    defects in the bending of light as it enters the eye causing an improper focus on retina
  10. astigmatism
    distorted vision caused by an oblong or cylindrical curvature of the lens or cornea that prevents light rays from coming to a single focus on the retina
  11. hyperopnia
    farsightedness; difficulty seeing close objects when light rays extend beyond the proper focus on the retina
  12. myopia
    nearsightedness; difficulty seeing distant objects when light rays fall short of the proper focus on the retina
  13. presbyopia
    impaired vision owing to old-age loss of accommodation
  14. accommodation
    ability of the eye to adjust focus on near object
  15. amblyopia
    decreased vision in early life due to a functional defect that can occur as a result of strabismus, refractive errors, or trauma; usually occurs in one eye, also known as lazy eye
  16. aphakia
    absense of the lens, usually after cataract extraction
  17. blepharitis
    inflammation of the eyelid
  18. blepharochalasis
    baggy eyelid; overabundance and loss of elasticity of skin on the upper eyelid, causing a fold of skin ot hang down over the edge of the eylid when the eyes are open
  19. dermatochalasis
    baggy eyelid; overabundance and loss of elasticity of skin on the upper eyelid, causing a fold of skin ot hang down over the edge of the eylid when the eyes are open
  20. blepharoptosis
    drooping of the eyelid usually caused by paralysis
  21. ptosis
    drooping of the eylid usually caused by paralysis
  22. chalazion
    chronic nodular inflammation of a meibomian gland, usually the result of a blocked duct; commonly presents as a swelling on the upper or lower eyelid
  23. cataract
    opaque clouding of the lens causing decreased vision
  24. conjunctivitis
    pinkeye; inflammation of the conjuctiva
  25. dacryoadenitis
    inflammation of the lacrimal gland
  26. dacryocystitis
    inflammation of the tear sac
  27. diabetic retinopahty
    disease of the retina in diabetics characterized by capillary leakage, bleeding, and new vessel formation, leading to scarring and loss of vision
  28. ectropion
    outward turning of the rim of the eyelid
  29. entropion
    inward turning of the rim of the eyelid
  30. epiphora
    abnormal overflow of tears caused by blockage of the lacrimal duct
  31. glaucoma
    group of diseases of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure that results in damage to the optic nerve producing defects in vision
  32. hordeolum
    sty; an acute infection of a sebaceous gland of the eylid
  33. iritis
    inflammation of the iris
  34. keratitis
    inflammation of the cornea
  35. macular degeneration
    breakdown or thinning of the tissues in the macula, resulting in partial or complete loss of central vision
  36. pseudophakia
    eye in which the natural lense is replaced with an artificial lens implant
  37. pterygium
    fibrous growth of conjunctival tissue that extends onto the cornea
  38. retinal detachment
    separation of the retina from the underlying epithelium, disrupting vision and resulting in blindness if not repaired surgically
  39. retinitis
    inflammation of the retina
  40. strabismus
    crossed eyes; a condition of eye misalignment cause by intraocular muscle imbalance
  41. esotropia
    right or left eye deviates inward toward the nose
  42. exotropia
    right or left eye deviates outward away from the nose
  43. scleritis
    inflammation of the sclera
  44. trichiasis
    misdirected eyelashes that rub on the conjuctiva or cornea
Card Set
Eye terms for medical terminology