Speech Praxis-Anatomy

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  1. Respiration relies on the muscles of inspiration and expiration. The thick , dome-shaped muscle that seperates the abdomen from the thorax is called the ____
  2. Most pharyngeal muslces are innervated by cranial nerves ___, _____
    X, XI (10, 11)
  3. The primary muscles of the lips is the
    orbicularis oris
  4. The neurons and transmit information away from the brain are called the _____ ______.
    efferent neurons
  5. An important structure adjacent to the brainstem that contains the hypothalamus (which controls emotions) and the thalamus (which relays sensory impulses to various portions of the crebral cortex is called the
  6. The corpus striatum is composed of three nuclear masses, which are the: ______, __________, _________
    globus pallidus, caudate nucleus, and putamen
  7. The structure that regulates body posture, equillibrium, and coordianted fine-motor movements is the
  8. The anterior cerebral artery supplies blood to the :
    corpus callosum and basal ganglia
  9. The laryngopharnx and the oropharnx add resonance to sounds produced by the larynx. The nasopharynx adds noticeable resonance to which sounds?
    m, n, ng
  10. These are composed of a ring of connective tissue and muscle extending from the tips of the arytenoid cartilages to the larynx, They seperate the laryngeal vestibule from the pharynx and help perserve the airway.
    aryepiglottic folds
  11. The cranial nerve that innervates the larynx and also innervates the veli levator palatini, palatoglossus, and palatopharyngeus muscle is
    cranial nerve X, the vagus nerve
  12. Muscles that contribute to the velopharyngeal closure through tensing or elevating the velum are the
    palatoglossus, tensor veli palatini, and levator veli palatini
  13. The structure at the inferior portion of the tongue that connects the tongue with the mandible is called the ____
    lingual frenum
  14. When a person is producing voiced and voiceless /th/, the muscle that is most involved is the _____
  15. When a person is adducting and abducting the vocal folds, which muscles are involved with this process?
    thyroarytenoid, lateral cricoarytenoids, transverse arytenoids
  16. The cerebral hemispheres are connected by:
    commissural fibers
  17. The central nervous system's primary mechanism of attention, alertness, and conscousness, which is also related to sleep-wake cycles, is the
    reticular activating system
  18. The primary motor cortex in the frontal lobe is located on the :
    precentral gyrus
  19. Wernike's area in the temporal lobe is critical to the ___
    comprehension of spoken language
  20. Wernike's area is connected to Broca's area in the frontal lobe through the _________
    arcuate fasciculus
  21. The occipital lobe contains the
    primary visual cortex
  22. The pyramidal system consists of the ____ and _____ tracts
    cortospinal and corticobulbar tracts
  23. The meninges of the brain consist of the _____, ______, and the ________.
    dura meter, the pia meter, and the arachnoid
  24. The basilar artery eventually divides into the
    two cerebral arteries
  25. The exteranal cartoid artery is the major supplier of
    blood to the brain
  26. The ______________ is formed at the base of the brain where two cartoid and two vertebral arteries join.
    Circle of Willis
Card Set
Speech Praxis-Anatomy
Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, and Physiology
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