Eyes & Ears Introduction

  1. Astigmatism
    Odd or irregular shaped lens or cornea
  2. Cataracts
    Irreversible and progressive clouding of the lens leading to blindness
  3. Conjunctivitis
    Inflammation or infectin of the conjunctiva
  4. Myopia
  5. Hyperopia
  6. Ocular Hypertension
    Increased pressure in the eyes that is above the range considered normal
  7. Glaucoma
    Abnormally high internal eye pressure that destroys the optic nerve and causes partial to complete loss of vision
  8. General Irritation and dryness
    Imbalance in the lacrimal system
  9. Macular degeneration
    • Disorder that affects the central part of the retina of the eye
    • -decreased vision and possible loss of central vision
  10. Tinnitus
    Ringing or sensation of noise in one or both ears, in the absence of corresponding external sound
  11. Meniere's Syndrome
    Disorder of the inner ear which causes eqisodes of vertigo, tinnitus, a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear and fluctuating hearing loss
  12. Otitis media
    Inflammation and/or infection of the middle ear
  13. Otitis Externa
    aka: swimmers ear

    Inflammation, irritation, or infection of the external ear canal
  14. Otosclerosis
    Abnormal growth of bone of the middle ear that prevents structures within the ear from working properly resulting in hearing loss.
  15. Symptoms of Meniere's
    • Vertigo
    • Tinnitus
    • Feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear
  16. Another name for earwax
  17. Canal of Schlemm
    What is the canal that gets blocked and causes glaucoma?
  18. Symptoms of Cataracts
    • Loss of visual acuity
    • Loss of sensitivity to contrast
    • Glarees
    • Halo around lights
  19. Causes of Conjunctivitis
    Viral or bacterial infection
  20. Miosis
    When eye sphincter muslces contract, the pupil shrinks
  21. Mydriasis
    When the eye radial muscles contract, the pupil dilates
  22. What is the main purpose of lacrimation?
    _____________is to clean and lubricate the eyes
  23. Fovea
    • A cup-like depression or pit in the retina
    • Greatest point of visual acuity because it contains more cones than rods
  24. The Eustachian Tube
    This equalizes the air pressure on both sides of the tympanic membane
  25. Malleus, incus, stapes
    The order of the auditory ossicles
  26. Cochlea
    Picks up vibrations from the stapes
  27. Semicircular Canals
    Control balance, sense body position, and are responsible for body equilibrium
  28. Lacrimal Glands
    Slightly antimicrobial
  29. Auricle
    Also known as Pinna
  30. Choroid
    Middle layer of the eye
  31. Sclera
    White part of the eye
Card Set
Eyes & Ears Introduction