Basic Nursing

  1. 3 levels of prevention
    • Primary prevention
    • Secondary prevention
    • Tertiary prevention
  2. Primary Prevention
    • True prevention
    • example: immunization
  3. Secondary prevention
    • People who are experincing health problems or illnesses and who are at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions.
    • Examples: education, adequate treatment to arrest disease process and prevent further complications.
  4. Tertiary prevention
    • Has the disease or sickness, disability
    • Examples: doing whats possible to correct the problem or try to make it less. (highest level of functioning is goal)
  5. Acute Illness
    • Usually short term and severe.
    • Examples: surgery
  6. Chronic Illness
    • usually lasts longer than 6 months. Patients fluctuate between maximal functioning and serious health relapses that are sometimes life threatening.
    • Example: Diabetic
  7. Colonization
    The presence and growth of microorganisms within ahost but without tissue invasion or damage.
  8. Systemic
  9. Communicable
    • infection disease transmitted directly from one person to another.
    • Examples: T.B.
  10. Symptomatic
    • pathogens multiply and cause clinical signs and symptoms
    • (Signs)
  11. Asymptomatic
    • clinical signs and symptoms are not pressent.
    • (No Signs)
  12. Chain of Infection
    • Transmission
    • Portal of entry
    • Host susceptibility
    • infectious agent
    • Reservoir
    • Portal of exit
  13. Modes of Transmission
    • There are 4 kinds of modes:
    • Contact
    • Airborne
    • Vehicles
    • Vector
  14. Contact (Modes of Transmission)
    • Direct: Person to person or physical contact between source and susceptible host.
    • Indirect: Personal contact of susceptible host with contaminated inanimate objects
    • Droplet: Large particles that travel up to 3 feet and come in contact with susceptible host.
  15. Airborne (Modes of Transmission)
    • Droplet nuclei, residue or evaporated droplets suspended in air.
    • example from coughing, sneezing, talking
  16. Vehicles (Modes of Transmission)
    • Contaminated items
    • water
    • drugs, solutions
    • blood
    • food
  17. Vector (Modes of Transmission)
    • External mechanical transfers (flies)
    • Internal transmission such as with parasitic conditions between vecotr and host.
    • examples: Mosquito, Louse, tick, Flea
  18. Suprainfection
    • The over use of antibiotics.
    • can destroy normal flora.
  19. health care-acquired infection
    A person gets a disease due to the care provider.
  20. Necrotic
    Tissue Death
  21. Aseptic technique
    an effort to keep the patient as free from exposure to infection causing pathogens as possible.
  22. Asepsis
    means the absence of disease producing micoorganisms.
  23. Medical Asepsis (one of two type of asepsis)
    • clean techniques, includes procedures used to reduce the number of and prevent the spread of microorganisms.
    • Example: Hand Hygiene, Barrier techniques, and routine environmental cleaning.
  24. Surgical Asepsis (one of two type of asepsis)
    • Sterile technique, includes procedures to eliminate all microorganisms from an area.
    • Examples: Sterilization destroys all microorganisms and their spores.
  25. What is the acronym ADPTE stand for
    • A=Assesment
    • D=Diagnosis (non medical)
    • P=Planning
    • I=Implement
    • E=Evaluate
Card Set
Basic Nursing
Basic Nursing Need to know 1