A&P 1

  1. branch of science dealing with the form and structure of body parts
  2. Anatomy
  3. the study of body function
  4. Physiology
  5. the chemical reactions in cells that use or release energy
  6. Metabolism
  7. state of equilibrium in which the internal environment of the body remains in the normal range
  8. Homeostasis
  9. specialized cells that provide information about the environment. Also, cell surface structures that bind particular molecules, called ligands, thereby transmitting a signal to inside the cell
  10. Receptors
  11. target value of a physiological measure maintained automatically in the body
  12. Control center
  13. a muscle of gland that effects change in the body
  14. Effectors
  15. the deviation from the set point is corrected (moves in the opposite or negative direction) and the correction reduces the action of the effectors
  16. Negative feedback
  17. process by which changes cause additional similar changes, producing unstable conditions
  18. Positive feedback
  19. body posture with the body erect, face forward, arms at the sides with palms facing forward, and toes pointing straight ahead
  20. Anatomical position
  21. pertaining to the side
  22. Lateral
  23. toward or near the midline
  24. Medial
  25. on the same side
  26. Ipsilateral
  27. positioned on the opposite side of something else
  28. Contralateral
  29. closer to the trunk or origin; opposite of distal
  30. Proximal
  31. farther from the trunk or origin; opposite of proximal
  32. Distal
Card Set
A&P 1
organization of the body