Hemotology Intro & Diseases

  1. What stores white & red blood cells?
  2. What organ contains macrophages and restores damaged RBC's?
  3. What organ stores T lymphocytes and is the site of maturation?
  4. What contains WBC that help remove old and damaged RBC's from the bloodstream?
    Lymph Nodes
  5. What blood component serves as a transport medium for nutrients, waste, electrolytes, gases, ect.?
  6. What blood component protects & fights infection?
    White Blood Cells
  7. What blood component assist in formation of clots?
  8. The 3 types of WBC's?
    • Granulocytes
    • Lymphocytes
    • Monocytes
  9. Name the 3 types of Granulocytes and what they do?
    • Neutrolphils
    • Eosinophils
    • Basophils

    They phagocytize
  10. What are the different types of Lymphocytes and what do they do?
    T & B lymphocytes

    • Provide immune response capabilities
    • Produce the antibodies to fight infections
  11. What else is a monocyte known as and what does it do?

  12. 4 key factors of coagulation
    • Fibrinogen
    • Prothrombin
    • Proaccelerin
    • Fibrin Stabilizing Factor
  13. What is Anemia?
    How does it work?
    Decrease in RBC's, HGB, & HCT

    • Decreased hemoglobin
    • =decreased O2 reaching tissues & organs of the body
  14. Name the different types of Anemia
    • Vitamin B12 Deficiency
    • Iron Deficiency
    • Folate Deficiency
    • Anemia of Chronic Disease
    • Sickle Cell Anemia
  15. What is Iron Deficiency?
    Body is low on iron caused by lack of iron in the diet
  16. What is Folate Deficiency Anemia?
    Inability to synthesize folate, which stops hematopoiesis
  17. What is Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia?
    AKA pernicious, stops the maturation of RBC's in bone marrow
  18. What is Sickle Cell Anemia?
    • C shaped RBC's that are unable to transport oxygen
    • Genetics
  19. What is Anemia of Chronic Disease?
    Is figured out to be the diagnosis after other forms of anemia are tested out
  20. What is Polycythemia?
    Increased number of RBC's, WBC's and platelets

    • Either a malfunction in the Bone Marrow
    • or
    • Low oxygen levels
  21. What is Hemophilia?
    Genetic deficiency in clotting factors
  22. What is Leukemias?
    A group of disorders affecting the hematopoietic or lymphoid system
Card Set
Hemotology Intro & Diseases