1. Potent diuretics that act along the ascending limb of the loop of Henle; furosemide is an example
    Loop diuretics
  2. Abbreviation for the term that describes an index of how well the kidneys are functioning as filters
  3. A general term for drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation
  4. The main structural unit of the kidney
  5. A term for diuretics that cause the body to lose potassium
    Kaliuretic diuretics
  6. Diuretics that result in the diuresis of sodium and water and the retention of potassium; spironolactone is an example
    Potassium-sparing diuretic
  7. Diuretics that act on the distal convoluted tubule, where they inhibit sodium and water resorption; HCTZ is an example
  8. Abbreviation for a class of diuretics that inhibit the enzyme carbonic anhydrase; acetazolamide is an example
  9. Drugs that induce diuresis by increasing the osmotic pressure of the glomerular filtrate, which results in a rapid diuresis; mannitol is an example
    Osmotic diuretics
  10. An abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of fluid
  11. Which of the following are indications for the use of diuretics? Select all that apply.

    • A. to increase urine output
    • c. to treat hypertension
    • d. to treat open-angle glaucoma
    • e. to treat edema associated with heart failure
  12. When providing patient teaching to a patient who is taking a potassium-sparing diuretic such as spironolactone (Aldactone), the nurse should include which dietary guidelines?

    A. the patient should avoid foods high in potassium
  13. When teaching a patient about diuretic therapy, the nurse notes that which of the following is the best time of day to take these medications?

    D. Morning
  14. When monitoring a patient for hypokalemia related to diuretic use, the nurse looks for which possible symptoms?

    B. Muscle weakness and lethargy
  15. A patient with severe heart failure has been started on therapy with a CAI, but the nurse mentions that this medication may be stopped in a few days. Which of the following is the reason for this short treatment?

    B. CAIs lose their diuretic effect in 2 to 4 days because metabolic acidosis develops
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