# Chapter 1

 The study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth and processes that shape the Earth is called....... geology The scientific study of the sea is called ...... oceanography ................. are rck chimneys on the ocean floor that spew out black clouds of minerals black smokers The study of the Earth's atmosphere, especially in relation to the weather and climate........ meteorology is the study of the universe Astronomy ....................... study stars, asteroids, planets, and everything else in space. Astronomers The study of how humans interact with the environment is called ....................... environmental science ................................ make maps of those features by using aerial and satellite photos, and computer mapping systems. Cartographers .......................... are a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and solve problems Scientific methods is a possible explanation or answer to a question that can be tested. hypothesis is an experiment that tests only one factor, or variable, at a time. A controlled experiment A pattern, plan, representation, or description designed to show the structure or workings of an object, system, or concept is a model are models that you can touch physical models is made up of mathematical equations and data. mathematical model Some …………………… models are systems of ideas. Others are based on making comparisons with familiar things to help illustrate or explain an idea. One example of a ……………….model is the big bang theory conceptual Some …………………… models are systems of ideas. Others are based on making comparisons with familiar things to help illustrate or explain an idea. One example of a ……………….model is the big bang theory conceptual, conceptual is an explanation that ties together many hypotheses and observations. theory Scientists who study the Earth’s atmosphere have developed ………………………. climate models to try to imitate Earth’s climate. mathematical The metric system, now called the International System of Units is abbreviate as…….. SI A ……………..is the basic SI unit of length. meter is the measure of the size of a body or region in three-dimensional space. volume A measure of the amount of matter in an object is mass is a measure of how much surface an object has. Area is a measure of how much surface an object has. area Density = mass divided by volume Authormmbarton ID97336 Card SetChapter 1 DescriptionChapter 1 Holt Science Updated2011-08-22T15:09:41Z Show Answers