1.) T/F- Women represent nearly 80% of the health care work force.
2.) Rates of occupational injury to health care workers have ______ over the past decade.
C. ) Increased
3.) Which industry has the most nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses?
C. ) Hospitals
4.) List three preventative practices one can do to reduce risk factors of injury in the workplace.
stretch for flexibility
good nutrition habits
good lifestyle habits to reduce stress
5.) Match the following words to their definitions:
1. Thoracic outlet syndrome
2. Body mechanics
5. Carpal tunnel syndrome
a.) correct positioning for a given task
b.) science of designing and arranging work and living environments
c.) repeated hand motions causes inflammation and swelling, which pinches nerves in the wrist
d.) repeated motion causes bones or disks to compress nerves in the neck
e.) repeated motion in a joint inflames tendons
Thoracic outlet syndrome: d
Body mechanics: a
Carpal tunnel syndrome: c
6.) What are the three main curves of the spine?
Cervical curve, Thoracic curve, Lumbar curve
7.) Support of the ____ curve is critical in the workplace due to the fact that back injuries are more prevalent here.
a.) cervical curve
b.) thoracic curve
c.) lumbar curve
d.) none of the above
C.) Lumbar Curve
8.) True/False: OSHA recognizes back belts as effective engineering controls to prevent back injury.
9.) Which of the following is NOT an example of computer exercises?
a.) rotate head
b.) leg raises
c.) make fist, open hands, spread fingers
d.) shrug shoulders
B.) Leg raises
10.) What are the two different signs and symptoms of infections?
-Generalized/systemic & localized
11.) Match :
1. Immune Response
3. Normal flora
4. Opportunistic infection
a.) not all microorganisms are harmful, some are necessary for normal function
b.) normal defense used by the body to fight infection by producing antibodies
c.) medication capable of inhibiting growth or destroying microorganisms
d.) when infection occurs due to a weakened physiological state
Immune Response: b
Normal flora: a
Opportunistic infection: d
12.) What does the CDC say the single most important thing in preventing health care acquired infections is?
C. ) Washing hands
13.) Name three regulatory agencies for infection control.
CDC, MDCH, OSHA, MIOSHA, Local Health Department
Which of the following is NOT a natural defense mechanism?
d.) mucous membranes
A. ) saliva
Which is the only preventable blood-borne pathogen in which there is a vaccine that OSHA requires employers to offer to employees?
A. ) Hepatitis B
Which is more infectious?
a.) 1⁄4 teaspoon of HBV mixed into a 24,000 gallon swimming pool of water. Someone draws a 1⁄4 teaspoon of that water and injects you with it.
b.) 1⁄4 teaspoon of HIV mixed into a quart of water. Then 1⁄4 teaspoon is injected into you.
When it comes to fire procedures, what does RACE stand for?
C-contain the fire
E-extinguish the fire or evacuate the are
How many types of fires are there?
Professionalism includes all of the following EXCEPT: a.) discretion b.) patience c.) dependability d.) vocalization
True/False: Practicing good hygiene is not an important part of professionalism in the workplace.
Patients with alcohol dependence receive recommended care only about _____% of the time.
B. ) 10
Name three health problems that heavy drinkers have a greater risk of getting.
-hypertension, gastrointestinal bleeding sleep disorders, major depression,
hemorrhagic stroke, cirrhosis of the liver, several cancers
Any drink contains about ______grams of pure alcohol.
Name three states that are found to have the highest total per capita consumption of ethanol in the U.S.
-Nevada, Wisconsin, Florida, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota
How much of the U.S. population consists of drinkers (individuals who reported drinking at least one drink in the past 12-months)?
_________% of the alcohol is consumed by 10% of the population.
True/False: 60% of alcoholism in an individual is attributed to ones genes and the other 40% to the environment.
Who handles substance abuse in the community?
Locally it is the Genesee County Mental Health Clinic. Each county differs as to what
establishment it is, but funding and overall responsibility comes from the state level:
Department of Community Health
True/False: Women who breast feed as less likely to develop breast cancer?
When it comes to a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI), ________ is considered “overweight”
List three examples of preventative measures one can take when practicing safe health habits:
Safe sex, check-ups, knowing one’s BMI/being educated, wearing your seatbelt,
having common sense, etc.
True/False: White Anglo-Saxon Protestants have been the dominant culture in our country historically.
This zone would be used for conversing with close friends and would encompass a zone between 18 inches to 4 feet.
a.) Personal Zone
b.) Social Zone
c.) Intimate Zone
d.) Public Zone
A.) Personal Zone
List Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs from bottom to top:
True/False: The eye can catch mistakes and errors on a computer screen easier than it can on a printed document.
List two diagnostic imaging techniques that are used in health care.
Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MRI), positron emission
tomography (PET), Ultrasound
Which of the following is NOT an example of what one can do to learn more about computers?
a.) read manuals
c.) read books
d.) play video games
Play video games
1. Medical record
3. Medical documentation
a.) notes and documents that health care workers add to a medical record
b.) a chronological health history of a particular patient
c.) recording observations and information about a patient
Medical record: b
Medical documentation: a
True/False: Documentation and medical records must be written in blue, black, or red ink?
False-only black or blue
List five things that a medical record may contain:
History and Physical, Physician’s orders, Diagnostic tests, Admissions, Surgical
Increases intra-abdominal pressure to support muscles during lifting, warm muscles of abdomen and back to increase flexibility 2. Increases blood and pelvic pressures that could cause cardiac problems, heat rashes, improper fit can cause pain and injuries, false sense of security
Name 2 computer exercises
Make fist, open hands, spread fingers
Interlace fingers, extend arms
Shrug shoulders and then relax
Place arm on other shoulder and turn head to opposite shoulder
Define infection control
Procedures to be followed to prevent the spread of infectious disease
Who proposed the germ theory
Pasteur in 1800s
What are normal flora
Microorganisms that are necessary for normal function
What are the two broad classes of microorganisms
Aerobic-require oxygen to live
Anaerobic-do not require oxygen to live
What is symbiosis
The relationship between a host and microorganism that benefits the host
What is Rickettsia
It is a microbe that is smaller than bacteria, obligate intracellular parasites and stain Gram negative
Name 4 infection regulatory agencies
CDC-center of disease control
OSHA-Occupational Safety and Health Administration
MDCH- Michigan Department of Community Health
MIOSHA- Michigan OSHA
What is an apesis technique
What are 3 ways to maximize resistance to infection
Provide good hygiene
Ensure proper nutrition and fluid intake
Keep vaccinations up to date
What are the intentions of standard precautions?
Prevent contact with potentially infectious body fluids
What are 4 blood borne pathogens
Hepatitis B,C,D and HIV
What is an example of a drug-resistant organism
What are 5 risk factors for violence?
Transporting patients, long waits for service, working alone, poor environmental design, and access to firearms
During a fire what does RACE stand for
C-ontain the fire
E-xtinguish fire or Evacuate area
Where can radiation hazards be found
X-rays and radiation therapy
What are 2 biological threats
Antrax, botulism, plague, and smallpox
How long does it take for someone to form an opinion of who they think you are
Name 4 dependable behaviors
Acceptance of differences
Demonstrate cultural competence
What are physical changes that are caused by stress