What is the definition of DDD?
The degeneration of annular fibers of the IVD
The discs of what vertebrae are the most involved in DDD?
Cervical and lumbar
What portion of the disc fibers deteriorate first
Between what ages is it common for the first traumatic rupture to occur in the lumbar spine?
30 and 45
What percentage of low back injuries occur between L4/L5 or L5/S1?
What do laypeople call a disc herniation?
What is a common nonspecific term for low back pain?
What is the first stage of herniation?
What stage of herniation are fragments of the nucleus and annulus found outside the disc?
What direction does the disc have to protrude in order to cause pain, numbness, tingling and possible motor weakness?
What combination of movements are suggested as the mechanism of disc herniation?
Flexion and rotation
What is the term used to describe a disc bulge where the annular fibers are still intact?
What do you do if the client has saddle anesthesia or bladder weakness?
What is the time frame for suggested treatment of DDD and acute disc lesions?
2 times a week for three weeks, then once a week for a month.
What three cervical tests can be performed for DDD?
Cervical Compression Test
Cervical Distraction Test
What is a bulging of a disc without structural instability of the annulus fibrosis?
Protrusion (not a stage of herniation)
What is it when the nucleus pulpous seeps into layers of annular rings, but does not escape from the disc?
(first category of herniation)
What are the three stages of herniation?
Degenerative Disc Disease