AP World History Chapter 1

  1. What is prehistory?
    The period before the invention of writing
  2. What is Jericho?
    earliest known neolithic city
  3. What is Homo erectus?
    "Upright-walking human", which existed from 1.5 million to two hundred thousand years ago; homo erectus used cleavers and hand axes and learned how to control fire
  4. What is the neolithic era?
    The NEW stone age (10,000-4,000 BCE) which was marked by the discovery and mastery of agriculture and the domestication of animals
  5. What is australopithecus?
    "Southern ape", oldest known ancestor of humans; it lives from around four million down to around one million years ago, and it could walk on hind legs, freeing up hands for use of simple tools
  6. What is a neanderthal?
    early humans (100,000 to 25,000 years ago) who were prevalent during the paeolithic period
  7. What is the paeolithic era?
    OLD stone age, a long period of human development of agriculture
  8. What are homo sapiens?
    "conciously rhinking human", which at first appeared around two hundred fifty thousand years ago and used sophisticated tools
  9. What is catal huhuk?
    Important Neolithic settlement in Anatolia (7250-6150 BCE)
  10. What is the bronze age?
    a period of time following the stone age and preceding the iron age, during which bronze weapons and implements were used
  11. What are nomads?
    a tribe that has no permanent home and moves from place to place
  12. What is a civilization?
    an advanced and developed human society
  13. What is culture?
    combinations of ideas, objects, and patterns of behavior that result from human social interaction
  14. What is the natufian society?
    EARLIEST COMPLEX SOCIETY, preagricultural culture; located in present -day Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon; practicedcollection of wild barley and wheat to supplement game; large settlement sites.
  15. In what time period was the major development of the first complex societies?
    3500 BCE-500 BCE
  16. What is surplus capitol?
    extra food
  17. When homo erectus humans learned to control fire and improved their tool use, they bacame....
    • homo sapiens "wise man"
    • (Homo sapiens sapiens means very wise man)
  18. The early human ssocieties migrated from...
  19. The paeolithic era is known as the ___ stone age?
  20. In the paeolithic era (old stone age), nomads lived on groups of how many people?
  21. How were the humans ranked in society in the paeolithic era (old stone age)?
    by age, hunting, skill, fertility, and charisma
  22. How did big game hunting gave us evidence of intelligent coordination of hunting expeditions?
    it gave evidence of the development of weaponry, they used animal skin disguises, they used stampeding tactics (lit fires to drive game into kill zone), this all required planning and communication
  23. Where did the Jomon society live and what made them important?
    Japan, they harvested wild buckwheat and fished
  24. Where did the Chinook society live and what made them important?
    pacific northwest, they harvested berries and acorns and fished in salmon runs
  25. How many people lived in the paeolithic (old stone age) complex societies?
    1000 or more
  26. Where did neanderthals originate?
    • neander valley, western germany
    • also found in africa and east asia
  27. The neanderthals gave us eviddence of spirituality from their what?
    ritual burials, possible religion?
  28. Cro-magnon peoples can also be known as the ....?
    modern day man
  29. Why are the cro magnon people known as the modern day men?
    they are physically similar to modern day humans, they have a greater capacity for speech, they were homo sapiens sapiens, increased variety of tools, decorative furniture and cave paintings, venus figurines
  30. venus figurines symbolize what?
    love and fertility
  31. IN the neolithic era, what was introduced to help in tool production?
  32. Men did what rather than hunting in the neolithic era?
    herded animals
  33. IN the neolithic era, what were examples of the spread of agriculuture?
    slash and burn techniques, exhaustion of soil promotes migration, transport of crops from one region to another
  34. In the neolithic era, as agriculture improved, ___ increased?
  35. In the neolithic era, because of surplus of food and seacialization of labor, what emerged?
    villiges and towns
  36. In the neolithic era, there were a tremendous range of manufactured products such as...?
    pottery, jewelry, textiles, and copper tools
  37. In the neolithic era, social distinctions changed how?
    private land ownership was introduced
  38. What were the religous values int he neolithic era?
    Elememts of natural environment were essential to functioning, clay figurines, drawings on pots, tools decorations, and pther ritual objects. Polytheism
  39. What are some things that contribuated to the beginnings of urbanization?
    Jericho, craft speacialization, social stratification, governance, and cultural workers
Card Set
AP World History Chapter 1
A review for the AP world history chapter 1 quiz.