CNA Vocabulary

  1. abuse
    causing physical or emotional harm to someone in your care
  2. abduction
    moving an arm or leg away from the center of the body
  3. abnormality
    condition different from the normal
  4. active neglect
    failing to provide needed care on purpose
  5. active range of motion
    range of motion exercises performed by the person himself or herself
  6. activites of daily living (ADL)
    common daily tasks such as dressing, eating, grooming, or bathing
  7. activity coordinator
    staff member responsible for planning and carrying out social activities for the residents
  8. acute pain
    sudden onset not long lasting
  9. adduction
    moving an arm or leg toward the center of the body
  10. admission
    steps followed when a resident is first brought to the facility
  11. advance directive (living will)
    instructions by a resident about what steps to take or not to take to extend life as the resident approaches death
  12. aligned
    formed into a straight line
  13. allergy
    hypersenstive reaction of the body to specific food or substance called an allergen
  14. alveoli
    tiny air sacs in the lungs
  15. alzheimer's disease
    chronic degenerative brain disease resulting in loss of memory, personality, and judgement
  16. ambulation
    to walk in upright position, or assist someone to walk
  17. ambulation device
    a device used to assist in walking: a cane, crutch, walker, physical therapy bars, or quad cane
  18. ambulatory
    able to walk in an upright position
  19. amino acids
    units of protein structure
  20. anatomy
    parts of the body
  21. angina
    acute pain in the chest from low blood supply to the heart
  22. anterior
  23. anxiety
    a feeling of worry or uneasiness
  24. apathy
    a feeling of indifference or lack of emotion
  25. aphasia
    loss of the ability to use language effectively
  26. apical (apical pulse)
    heart rate measured with a stethoscope near the heart
  27. appendage
    an attachment
  28. arrhythmia
    an abnormal rhythm in the heartbeat
  29. arteries
    blood vessels which carry oxygenated blood away from the heart
  30. arterioles
    tiny arteries which carry blood from large arteries to capillaries
  31. arteriosclerosis
    hardening of the arteries
  32. arthritis
    chronic disease of the joints resulting in stiffness and pain
  33. asepsis
    preventing the growth and spread of dangerous microorganisms
  34. aspiration
    inhaling of food, liquid, mucus, or vomitus into air passage
  35. assault
    physical violence or a threat to use violence against someone
  36. asthma
    a disease of the bronchi, causing narrowness of air passages and difficulty breathing
  37. atrium
    upper chamber of the heart
  38. atrophy
    wasting away of muscle with muscle becoming smaller and weaker
  39. autoclave
    a machine used to kill all microorganisms on medical instruments or supplies
  40. axilla
  41. axillary
    relating to the armpit
  42. baseline assessment
    first observations made on a new resident
  43. base of support
    the area on which an object rests. relating to your body, the base of support is your feet when standing and your hips when sitting
  44. battery
    actually using violence against someone
  45. behavior
    action that can be observed and measured
  46. bifocal
    two different prescriptions in one eyeglass lens
  47. bile
    substance manufactured by liver, stored by gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  48. blood pressure
    force of blood against artery walls
  49. body language
    communicating through posture or facial expressionor actions
  50. bowel
    the intestines
  51. brachial
    on the arm
  52. bronchi
    tubes which connect trachea to lungs
  53. bronchitis
    inflammaton of the bronchi
  54. bursa
    a pad of cartilage that keeps bones from rubbing together
  55. bursitis
    inflammation of the bursa at a joint
  56. capillaries
    small blood vessels which carry nutrients to individual cells
  57. carbohydrates
    sugars and starches, the chemicals in foods that supply quick energy
  58. calorie
    unit for measuring the amount of energy the body can get from a food
  59. cardiovascular
    refers to heart and blood vessels
  60. career path
    a group of positions in the same field with each requiring more training and offering more responsibility and more pay than the preceding one
  61. cataract
    clouding of the lens of the eye
  62. catastrophic reaction
    a sudden tantrum or burst of anger
  63. cc
    cubic centimeter, a metric unit for measuring fluids; 1000 cc's = roughly 1 quart
  64. CDC
    see centers for diease control and prevention
  65. CPU
    central processing unit, the heart of a computer, where the main memory and processing take place
  66. celsius
    the system of temperature measurement used in the metric system
  67. center of gravity
    place where the mass or weight of an object is centered (for example, your center of gravity is higher when you are standing up then when you are lying on the ground)
  68. centers for disease control and prevention (CDC)
    the government agency that investigates outbreaks of diseases and sets standards to try to prevent the spread of diseases
  69. centigrade
    a former name for celsius
  70. centimeter
    metric measurement of height; 1 cm = 1/100 of a meter. about 0.39 inch
  71. cerebral palsy
    chronic disease of the nervous system resulting in uncontrolled movement
  72. cerebral vascular accident or CVA
    see stroke
  73. chart
    the chart contains the healthcare plan, the physician's orders, and all the health information on one particular resident. it is a legal document and must be maintained properly.
  74. chronic
    ongoing, lasing a long time
  75. chronic brain syndrome (alzheimer's type dementia)
    large areas of the brain stop functioning, causing memory loss, fear, and poor judgement
  76. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    a lung condition arising from repeated injury of the tissue, with tissues becoming less elastic and breathing becoming difficult
  77. chronic pain
    constant, long lasting and on-going, lasts over six months
  78. chronological
    written in the order in which the events occurred
  79. cilia
    microscopic hair-like appendages that sweep foreign matter out of the trachea and bronchi
  80. clean
    considered to be free from pathogens
  81. client
    a person receiving nursing assistant care in his or her own home instead of a long term care facility
  82. closed urinary drainage system
    the complete catheter drainage unit which connects the catheter, drainage tube, and collection container
  83. CNA
    a certified nursing assistant who has successfully completed an approved certification training program including a written and/or manual skills test, and who has received a certificate by the state
  84. coccyx
    the tailbone
  85. code of ethics
    an agreed-upon set of moral principles or values
  86. coercion
    use of force
  87. colon
    the large intestine
  88. communication
    exchange of information or opinions
  89. compassion
    sorrow for the suffering of others with the desire to help
  90. concentrated
    containing less water
  91. confidentiality
    not revealing information about residents except within the healthcare team
  92. confrontation
  93. contracture
    shortening of muscle due to inactivity
  94. contraindicated
    not acceptable for treatment of a condition
  95. culture
    a set of customs belonging to a particular nation or people
  96. cursor
    usually a small arrow, flashing line ot block that appears on the computer screen. it is controlled with the mouse to operate items on the screen
  97. cyanosis
    bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen
  98. cystitis
    infection of the bladder
  99. decubitus ulcer (pressure sore)
    an open sore on the skin caused by tissue breakdown due to pressure and reduced blood flow
  100. defecate
    eliminate fecal waste, have a bowel movement
  101. degeneration
    worsening condition
  102. dehydration
    condition in which gluid output is greater than fluid intake
  103. dermis
    inner layer of skin
  104. dementia
    mental deterioration
  105. depression
    feelings of sadness, dejection, worthlessness helplessness, or hopelessness. depression may be symptomatic of a mental or physical condition, or part of syndrome of related symptoms associated with a particular disease, such as diabetes or thyroid abnormalities.
  106. diastolic
    blood pressure when the heart relaxes
  107. disc
    cushions of tissue between the bones of the spine
  108. discharge
    steps followed when a resident is released from the facility
  109. dressing
    clean, cloth covering for a wound or sore
  110. drip chamber
    the small area under the IV bag or bottle that the fluid drips into
  111. duodenum
    first loop of small intestine where most of digestion occurs
  112. edema
    swelling due to increased fluid in the tissues
  113. elasticity
    ability to expand and contract
  114. electrolyte
    a fluid that conducts electricity
  115. embolism
    blockage of a blood vessel, often by a blood clot
  116. emesis
  117. emesis basin
    small, curved basin placed under a resident's chin and used for resident to expectorate into
  118. empathy
    ability to experience the feelings and thoughts of another person
  119. enema
    insertion of fluid into the rectum and colon
  120. epidermis
    outer layer of skin
  121. erythema
    redness of skin
  122. expectorate
    to spit
Card Set
CNA Vocabulary