Infant Care

  1. Acrocyanosis
    Newborns extremities are bluish because of circulation deficit at birth
  2. alveoli
    lung sacs in babies stay open so they don't have to work so hard.
  3. Apgar
    • 0-10 score taken at one and three minutes to determine how they infant is doing based on
    • Appearance pulse grimace activity respiratory effort
  4. bonding
    the encouragement of attachment between parents and child
  5. brown fat
    produced in utero to keep baby warm once it is used no more in produced. Only found in term infants
  6. cephalhematoma
    is an accumulation of blood between the bones of the skull stops mid line due to the pressure of birth. Fluids will quickly be absorbed.
  7. caput succedaneum
    accumulation of fluid within a newborns scalp caused by pressure of birth
  8. circumcision
    part or all of the foreskin of the penis is removed for personal reasons
  9. desquaminate
    the peeling of cracked dry skin like that found on an infant
  10. en face position
    face to face mother and child when speaking.. a fore of bonding
  11. epispadias
    urinary meatus found on top upper side of the penis
  12. Epstiens pearls
    white gray small bumps found the mouths hard and soft palate of infants
  13. erythema toxicum
    red raised rash found on infants
  14. fontanels
    soft spots in between skull bones they fuse together after birth so that during birth they can reshape to fit through the vaginal canal
  15. foremilk
    the light milk in the first few moments of breastfeeding ( after the colostrum has been depleted) is low in fat
  16. galactosemia
    one of the first tests ran is for infants hereditary inability to digest this a certain type of sugar
  17. hindmilk
    the milk that appears at the end of the feeding and is high in fat and calories
  18. hypospadias
    when the urinary meatus is found on the underside of the penis near the scrotum
  19. hypothryroidism
    underdeveloped thyroid function
  20. inner canthus
    the inner part of the eye closest to the nose
  21. lanugo
    fine downey hair on face shoulders and back of an infant usually loses this
  22. mastitis
    inflammation of the breast where bacteria enters the breast usually via the infants mouth. It causes the woman much pain antibiotics given
  23. meconium
    the first greenish blackish stool of an infant tarry appearance
  24. milia
    pinhead sized white spots caused by unopened oil and sweat glands
  25. molding
    elongation of the head caused by the overlapping of skull bones to fit through the canal
  26. mongolian spots
    appear as a darkened bruise on none white babies on their behind shoulders and lower back usually disappear in years
  27. neonate
    a child for the first 28 days out of the uterus
  28. opthalmia neonatorum
    blindness to an infant caused by gonnorhea or Chlamydia passed by mom
  29. outer canthus
    outside of the eye closest to the ear
  30. phimosis
    when opening of foreskin is so small that it can't retract
  31. port wine stain
    flat purple red area with sharp borders permanent birthmark
  32. prepuce
    penile foreskim
  33. pseudomenstration
    caused by hormones girl infants may have blood tinged discharge at or shortly after birth
  34. smegma
    excess secretions and dead skin cells or urine that is collected in the foreskin when uncircumsized
  35. stork bite
    a small mark of babies on their eyelids or on their forehead may fade during infancy
  36. surfactant
    a chemical that stabilizes the wall of the alveoli and allows the sacs to stay partially opened
  37. vernix caseosa
    thick white cheesy stuff that covers the infant in utero composed of epithelial cells protects the skin from the drying effects of amniotic fluids
Card Set
Infant Care
Term 4 Infant Care Terminology LVN6 NW College