1. ADHD is specifically a disorder of _____
  2. how is ADHD diagnosed in children
    displays of inattention, hyperactivity, or both
  3. difficulty paying attention to details or easily distracted are examples of
  4. children with ADHD suffer from _____
  5. 2 core symptoms of ADHD
    inattention and hyperactivity
  6. _____ is manifested by rapid shifts in attention from topic to topic and have difficulty keeping concentration on one idea
  7. _____ generally results in difficulty with remaining in one place
  8. how can hyperactivity like symptoms be distinguished from normal school aged children
    symptoms are frequent and recur in a variety of settings
  9. along with symptom requirements for ADHD the impairment must be present before the age ____
  10. what is the challenge for managing ADHD
    there is NO specific test for diagnosing the disorder
  11. most common psychostimulant medication for ADHD
  12. adjustment disorder with depressed mood; is the most common form of mood problems in children, usually occurs in response to rejection, a slight letdown, or a loss.
    reactive depression
  13. a serious concern in a child with mood disorders or depression
    suicide thoughts or attempts
  14. major depressive disorder in children is characterized by episodes that last how long?
    7-9 months
  15. depressed children are more likely to express symptoms of ____ & _____
    anxiety and somatization
  16. an affected child is depressed most the day, on most days and continues through several years with prolonged mood depression
  17. when depressed children are irritable it can lead to ____ behavior
  18. mood disorder in which episodes of depression alternate with episodes of mania
    bipolar disorder
  19. mania in older children is often associated with high levels of:
    energy and activity
  20. bipolar disorder is often misdiagnosed as ____ & ____ in children
    hyperactivity and ADHD
  21. a chronic illness in children characterized by recurrences and if developed before puberty risk for mental disorder development is higher
  22. the only anxiety disorder unique to children
    separation anxiety
  23. term used to describe symptoms that occur when children are forced to separate from a parent, usually mom.
    separation anxiety
  24. when does separation anxiety usually manifest
    during bedtime
  25. what is separation anxiety often associated with
    fear and depression
  26. termed overanxious disorder of childhood in children
    generalized anxiety disorder
  27. children with the persistent fear of being embarrassed in social situations, or when they perceive they are being judged by others during speech, recitation, or recital.
    social phobia
  28. physical reactions of social phobia
    • palpitations
    • tremors
    • sweating
    • diarrhea
  29. pharmacotherapy treatment for separation anxiety disorders in children
  30. 2 most common developmental disorders in children
    autism and aspergers syndrome
  31. characterized by profound lack of interest in social interactions
  32. what do autistic children usually resist?
    • eye contact
    • touch
    • most kinds of interpersonal contact
  33. a common finding of interest that autistic children engage in?
    repetitive behaviors
  34. what types of things are autistic children most fascinated with
    rotating objects
  35. characteristics for autistic children
    spinning and rocking back and forth for long periods
  36. because autistic children don't respond well to physical illness, what is a nurse or caregivers responsibility
    be observant when something is wrong and take action
  37. haloperidol is what class of drug
  38. disorder characterized with children born with very small heads at birth and then develop rapid head growth and brain while growing
  39. developmental disorder characterized by a combination of severe impairments in social interaction with highly repetitive patterns of interests and behaviors
    aspergers syndrome
  40. what is there to gain with children who have aspirers?
    they gain a lot of knowledge bc of their narrow range of topics
  41. what characteristic differs autism and aspergers
    • autistic children avoid social interaction
    • aspergers children have receptive and expressive language
  42. what is the main deficit in aspirers?
    the inability to respond verbal and nonverbal cues to regulate social interaction
  43. common disruptive disorders characterized by antisocial behaviors and is a result of more socially deviant behaviors
    • oppositional defiant disorder
    • conduct disorder
  44. characterized by behaviors such as persistent fighting, arguing, easily annoyed, deliberately annoying, or vindicitve
  45. children with ____ repeatedly lose their temper, argue with adults, deliberatly refuse to comply, and blame others for own mistakes
  46. ODD can sometimes be a precursor to ____ bc children are often stubborn and often test an adults limits
    conduct disorder
  47. there is a risk for emerging ODD if the age persists during what age
    4-5 or older
  48. shows a pattern of cruelty and disrespect for the rights of others and are capable violence and murder
    conduct disorder
  49. many children who have conduct disorder possibly also have _____
  50. disruptive disorder that behaves aggressively by fighting, bullying, cruelty, intimidating, or physically insulting to animals or people
    conduct disorder
  51. lithium, ritalin, carbamazipine, clonidine are are effective drug Tx for:
    conduct disorder
  52. when assessing a child for disruptive disorders when should assessment take place.
    after family assessment
  53. assessment process for a child depends on what
    developmental level and age
  54. outcome for caring for a child
    establish realistic and acheiavble goals
Card Set
mental health