Brainstem lesion causing a primitive posture.
The Rancho Los Amigos Scale assesses?
Levels of cognition
The optic nerve is intact but the brain cannot record the image the person is seeing.
The dermatome level of the umbilicus?
A condition marked by the inability to move any body part except the eyes.
One major blood supply to the cerebellum arises from the?
The Glasgow Coma Scale looks at?
Motor, verbal, and eye opening responses
What is the normal intracranial range?
5 - 10 mmHg
A temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain.
Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Persistent high blood pressure can be a cause.
- Pain and temperature loss on the opposite side of the lesion.
- Proprioception loss on the same side of the lesion.
- motor functions remain intact
- pain and light touch remain intact
- loss of proprioception
Posterior cord syndrome
Mechanism of injury is primarily hyperextension.
Central cord syndrome
The mechanism of imjur is usually a direct penetration by a foreign object damaging one side of the spinal cord.
The hallmark of TBI is?
The most common type of embolic CVA would involve which artery?
Middle cerebral artery
Cyst formation in the cord that extends a few levels up and down causing damage to the cord is?
Gold standard measurement for severity of the primary brain damage.
A nonmalignant overgrowth of bone is?
Heterotopic ossification (HO)
Cauda equina injury will present with?
Bowel and bladder incontinence
- difficulty with spatial perceptual tasks
- impulsive behavior
Right-hemisphere stroke (Left-hemi)
- expressive and/or receptive aphasia
- slow and cautious
Left-hemispheric stroke (Right-hemi)
What are the kinds of stroke?
Clot and bleed
A portion of the brain receives no blood while a surrounding area receives sufficient blood from collateral circulation to stay alive but not to sustain function.
Bleeding from an arterial source into brain parenchyma.
Hyperactive flexor reflexes in the UEs and hyperactive extensor response in the LEs.
Hyperactive extensor reflexes in both the upper and lower extremities.
The primary cause of SCI is?
Loss of sensory, motor, and autonomic control below the lesion right after the injury is?
Occurs with a lesion above T5 and is the result of impaired function of the ANS caused by simultaneous sympathetic and parasympathetic activity.
- sudden onset of throbbing or pounding headache
- sweating and flushing of the face, neck, & shoulders
- sudden and significant increase in BP
stroke, TBI, SCI