Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System; Operative Terms

  1. bariatric surgery
    treatment of morbid obesity by surgery to the stomach and/or intestines; procedures include restrictive techniques that limit the size of the stomach and malabsorptive techniques that limit the absorption of food
  2. cheiloplasty
    repair of the lip
  3. glossectomy
    excision of all or part of the tongue
  4. glossorrhaphy
    suture of the tongue
  5. esophagoplasty
    repair of the esophagus
  6. gastrectomy
    partial or complete removal of the stomach
  7. gastric resection
    partial removal and repair of the stomach
  8. abdominocentesis/paracentesis
    puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid
  9. laparotomy
    incision into the abdomen
  10. laparoscopic surgery
    abdominal surgery using a laparoscope
  11. herniorrhaphy/hernioplasty
    repair of a hernia
  12. colostomy
    creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon
  13. anastomosis
    union of two hollow vessels
  14. ileostomy
    surgical creation of an opening on the abdomen to which the end of the ileum is attached, providing a passageway for ileal discharges; performed after removal of the colon
  15. appendectomy
    excision of a diseased appendix
  16. incidental appendectomy
    removal of the appendix during abdominal surgery for another procedure
  17. polypectomy
    excision of polyps
  18. proctoplasty
    repair of the anus and rectum
  19. anal fistulectomy
    excision of an anal fistula
  20. hemorrhoidectomy
    excision of hemorrhoids
  21. hepatic lobectomy
    excision of a lobe of the liver
  22. cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder
  23. laparoscopic cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder through a laparoscope
  24. cholelithotomy
    incision for removal of gallstones
  25. choledocholithotomy
    incision of the common bile duct for extraction of gallstones
  26. cholelithotripsy
    crushing of gallstones
  27. pancreatectomy
    excision of the pancreas
  28. gastric lavage
    oral insertion of a tube into the stomach for examination and treatment
  29. nasogastric (NG) intubation
    insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach for various purposes
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Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System; Operative Terms
Quiz 7