Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System; Diagnostic Terms

  1. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  2. sialoadenitis
    inflammation of the salivary gland
  3. parotitis (parotiditis)
    inflammation of the parotid gland; also called mumps
  4. cheilitis
    inflammation of lip
  5. glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
  6. ankyloglossia
    tongue-tie; a defect of the tongue characterized by a short, thick frenulum
  7. gingivitis
    inflammation of the gums
  8. esophageal varices
    swollen, twisted veins in the esophagus especially susceptible to ulceration and hemorrhage
  9. esophagitis
    inflammation of the esophagus
  10. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  11. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus, often as a result of abnormal function of the lower esophageal sphincter; causes burning pain in the esophagus
  12. pyloric stenosis
    narrowed condition of the pylorus
  13. peptic ulcer disease (PUD)
    a sore on the mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum, or any other part of the gastrointestinal system exposed to gastric juices; commonly caused by infection with helicobacter pylori bacteria
  14. gastric ulcer
    ulcer located in the stomach
  15. duodenal ulcer
    ulcer located in the duodenum
  16. gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
  17. enteritis
    inflammation of the small intestine
  18. ileitis
    inflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine
  19. colitis
    inflammation of the colon (large intestine)
  20. ulcerative colitis
    chronic inflammation of the colon along with ulcerations
  21. diverticulum
    a by-way; an abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal tract usually related to lack of dietary fiber
  22. diverticulosis
    presence of diverticula in the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the bowel
  23. diverticulitis
    inflammation of diverticula
  24. dysentery
    inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent, bloody stools, most often caused by bacteria or protozoa
  25. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix
  26. hernia
    protrusion of a part from its normal location
  27. hiatal hernia
    protrusion of part of the stomach upward through the hiatal opening in the diaphragm
  28. inguinal hernia
    protrusion of a loop of the intestine through layers of the abdominal wall in the inguinal region
  29. incarcerated hernia
    hernia that is constricted, cut off from circulation, and likely to become gangrenous
  30. umbilical hernia
    protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus (navel)
  31. intussusception
    prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
  32. volvulus
    twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
  33. polyposis
    multiple polyps in the intestine and rectum with a high malignancy potential
  34. polyp
    tumor on a stalk
  35. proctitis
    inflammation of the rectum and anus
  36. anal fistula
    abnormal tube-like passageway from the anus that may connect with the rectum
  37. hemorrhoid
    swollen, twisted vein in the anal region
  38. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  39. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  40. hepatitis A
    infectious inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), usually transmitted orally through fecal contamination of food or water
  41. hepatitis B
    infectious inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that is transmitted sexually or by exposure to contaminated blood or body fluids
  42. hepatitis C
    inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmitted by exposure to infected blood
  43. cirrhosis
    chronic disease characterized by degeneration of liver tissue, most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency
  44. cholangitis
    inflammation of the bile ducts
  45. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  46. cholelithiasis
    presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
  47. choledocholithiasis
    presence of stones in the common bile duct
  48. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
Card Set
Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System; Diagnostic Terms
Quiz 7