McConner Quiz 2

  1. 1. What are the modifications of the muscularis externa that is seen on the large intestine?

    B. Teniae coli
  2. 2. What is the primary cell of the intestinal epithelium of the large intestine?

    C. Columnar absorptive cell
  3. 3. The stomach chemically digests protein using pepsin and HCl. It physically churns the food using three layers of muscles, oblique muscle, circular muscle and ____.

    D. longitudinal muscle
  4. 4. What are microvilli called that are seen in the small intestine?

    E. Striated border
  5. 5. Which of the following is not a region of the small intestine?

    C. Cecum
  6. 6. What type of tissue lines most of the gastrointestinal tract?

    A. Simple columnar epithelium
  7. 7. The Gastric glands of the stomach consist of mucous cells, chief cells, parietal cells and______________.

    B. endocrine cells
  8. 8. The ________cells control intestinal microbial flora by secreting lysozyme to destroy the cell walls of bacteria.

    A. paneth cells
  9. 9. The large intestines do not contain:

    C. villi
  10. 10. Which layer contains the lining epithelium?

    C. Mucosa
  11. 11. The predominant epithelial cell of the small intestines is

    C. Goblet cells
  12. 12. Goblet cells are responsible for all of the following except:

    B. Stains gram positive
  13. 13. Which of the following is not related to the large intestine?

    C. Jejunum
  14. 14. Which of the following cellular structures increase surface area of the interior surface of the small intestine to increase absorption of nutrients?

    D. Plicae circulares
  15. 15. Which of the following organs has a mucosa lined by non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium?

    C. Esophagus
  16. 16. What do you call a tissue composed of a conglomeration of cells which are tightly packed together, yet which does not have a free surface? An example of such a tissue would be the parenchyma of the adrenal gland.

    D. Epithelioid tissue
  17. 17. What is another term for the intestinal glands?

    C. Crypts of Lieberkuhn
  18. 18. What type of epithelium is composed of flat cells?

    A. Squamous
  19. 19. What is the outer layer of the GI tract called when it is abutting another organ?

    C. Adventitia
  20. 20. What type of epithelium is more than one layer thick?

    C. Stratified
  21. 21. All of the following statements about the inguinal canal are correct EXCEPT?

    D. it is 5 inches long (4cm long)
  22. 22) All of the following statements about the spermatic cord are correct EXCEPT?

    A) it contains the epididymis
  23. 23) All of the following statements about the stomach are correct EXCEPT?

    D) it is supplied by branches of the superior mesenteric artery
  24. 24) All of the following arteries supply the stomach EXCEPT?

    D) proper hepatic artery
  25. 25) All of the following statements about the first part of the duodenum are correct EXCEPT?

    B) it is supplied by the inferior pancreatico-duodenal artery
  26. 26) Which of the following structures is NOT found in the free edge of the lesser omentum?

    A) gastroduodenal artery
  27. 27) Which of the following is not useful in differentiating the large from the small intestines?

    A) the presence of plica circularis
  28. 28) All of the following statements about the small intestine are correct EXCEPT?

    C) the jejunum and ileum are equal in length
  29. 29) All of the following statements about the lymphatic drainage of the large intestine are correct EXCEPT?

    C) all of the lymphatic drainage of the large intestines drains to the liver
  30. 30. What type of histological tissue is the appendix composed of?

    B. Lymphoepithelial
  31. 31. Best describes the boundaries of the abdomen.
    • Superiorly - Thoracic diaphram
    • Inferiorly - Pelvic brim
    • Anteriorly - Anterior abdominal wall
    • Posteriorly - Posterior abdominal wall & Lumbar vertebrae
  32. 32. Contents of the Rectus Sheath.
    • Rectus abdominis
    • Pyramidalis
    • Superior/Inferior Epigastric vessels
    • Ventral rami of T7-T12
  33. Describes a dermatome.
    Specific area of skin that is supplied by cutaneous branches of a particular spinal nerve.
  34. The nine regions of the abdomen.
    • Right/Left iliac fossa
    • Right/Left lumbar
    • Hypogastrium (suprapubic)
    • Peri-umbilical
    • Epigastrium
    • Right/Left Hypochondrium
  35. Organ systems found in the abdomen.
    • Gastrointestinal system
    • Genito-urinary system
  36. List the six layers of the abdomen from superficial to deep.
    • Skin
    • Superfiscial fascia
    • Muscular layer
    • Transversalis fascia
    • Extraperitoneal fat
    • Parietal peritoneum
  37. Nerves that innervating the skin over the anterior abdominal wall.
    • Subcostal nerve
    • Iliohypogastric
    • Ilioinguinal
    • The lower 5 intercostal nerves
Card Set
McConner Quiz 2
McConner Quiz 2