1. UA
    Urine Analysis
  2. UTI
    Urinary Tract Infection
  3. CRF
    Chronic Renal Failure
  4. KUB
    Kidney, ureter, bladder
  5. STD
    Sexually transmitted disease
  6. Cystoscopy
    Bladder exam
  7. Cath
  8. GYN
  9. HCG
    Human Chorionic GonadotropinHormone
  10. IUP
    Intrauterine Pregnancy
  11. BCP
    Birth Control Pills
  12. PID
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  13. D&C
    Dilation and Curettage
  14. LMP
    Last Menstrual Period
  15. Pap
    Pap smear
  16. BTL
    Bilateral Tuberal Ligation
  17. AB (S or T)
    Abortion (Spontaneous of Therapeutic)
  18. BPH
    Benign Prostate Hypertrophy
  19. PSA
    Prostate Specific Antigen
  20. TURP
    Transurethral resection of the prostate
  21. DRE
    Digital Rectal Exam
  22. Nephr/o, ren/o
  23. Hydro/o
  24. Cyst/o
  25. Pyel/o
    Renal collecting ducts
  26. Ur/o, -uria
  27. Olig/o
    Scanty, less than normal
  28. -pexy
    To surgically reattach, fix in normal position
  29. Nephritis
    inflammation of the kidney
  30. Hydronephrosis
    Abnormal condition involving back up of urine into the kidney
  31. Cystitis
    Inflammation of the Bladder
  32. Cystectomy
    Removal of the bladder
  33. Pyelogram
    X-ray of the collecting ducts
  34. Polyuria
    Infreqeunt urination
  35. Anuria
    No urine formation
  36. Oliguria
    Reduced urine formation
  37. Nephropexy
    Surgically attach kidney in normal anatomical position
  38. Nephrosis
    Noninflammatory disease of kidneys
  39. Nephrolith
    Kidney stone
  40. Urethritis
    Inflammation of the urethra
  41. Nocturia
    Frequently getting up and urinating during the night
  42. Enuresis
    Involuntary release of urine, most often in reference to “bedwetting.”
  43. Nephroloist
    Physicain specailizing in Kidney Disease
  44. Urologist
    A physician specializing in diseases of the lower urinary tract, that is, the bladder and urethra.
  45. Cystoscopy
    Looking into the urinary bladder with a fiberoptic instrument
  46. Intravenous Pyelogram
    Special X-rays showing the drainage pattern of the kidneys
  47. Retrograde pyelogram
    In this procedure a dye opaque to X-rays is flushed backwards up the urethra and bladder and up the ureters to the kidneys
  48. Voiding Cystourethrogram
    An imaging technique (X-ray) displaying the urethra and bladder while urinating.=
  49. Dialysis
    A procedure for cleansing the blood of waste products in individuals with complete kidney failure or who have had kidneys removed by surgery
  50. Lithotripsy
    Crushing kidney stones with sound waves
  51. Orchid/o
  52. Balan/o
    Head of the penis
  53. Andr/o
  54. Prostat/o
  55. Vas/o
    Vessel, Duct
  56. -rrhaphy
    To Suture
  57. Orchiditis
    Inflammation of the Testes
  58. Orchidectomy
    Removal of the Testes
  59. Testosterone
    Male Sex Hormone
  60. Balanitis
    Inflammation of the head of the penis
  61. Androgenic
    Stimulating maleness
  62. Androgynous
    Characteristics of male and female appearances
  63. Prostatitis
    Inflammation of the prostate
  64. Prostatectomy
    Removal of the Prostate
  65. Vasectomy
    Cutting the the Vas deferens
  66. Herniorrhaphy
    Surgical correction of inguinal hernia
  67. Hypospadias
    A condition in which the external urinary meatus (opening) opens anywhere below the tip of the penis rather than at the tip
  68. Hydrocele
    A fluid filled sac partially surrounding the testis
  69. Varicocele
    Dilated and twisted veins of the testis, sort of “hemorrhoids” of the scrotum
  70. Cryptorchidism
    A condition of lack of descent of one or both testes into the scrotum.
  71. Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
    Swelling of the prostate gland which surrounds the base of the male bladder and urethra causing difficulty urinating, dribbling, and nocturia
  72. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    An instrument inserted through the penile urethra is used to partially cut away the prostate to relieve obstruction of the urinary tract
  73. Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
    PSA is a marker protein for prostate cell secretions which can be detected with a lab test
  74. Hyster/o
  75. Salping/o, salpinx
    Uterine Tube
  76. Colp/o
  77. Oophor/o
  78. Men/o
  79. Mamm/o, Mast/o
  80. -pareunia, coitus
  81. Hysterectomy
    Removal of the Uterus
  82. Endometritis
    Inflammation of the linining of the Uterus
  83. Salpingitis
    Inflammation of the uterine tube
  84. Hematosalpinx
    Blood in the uterine tube
  85. Colporrhaphy
    Suturing a vaginal tear
  86. Coloplasty
    Surgical reconstruction of the vagina
  87. Colposcopy
    Viewing the interior of the vagina
  88. Oophorectomy
    Removal of the Ovaries
  89. Oophoropexy
    Rettachment of the Ovaries
  90. Menarche
    First menstuation
  91. Dysmenorrhea
    Painful Menstruation
  92. Mammogram
    X-ray of the breast
  93. Mastectomy
    Removal of the breast
  94. Dyspareunia
    Painful intercourse
  95. Precoital
    Before intercourse
  96. Postcoital
    After intercourse
  97. Endometriosis
    S condition involving colonization of the abdominal/pelvic cavity with islands of endometrial tissue
  98. Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID)
    Although males have a closed abdominal cavity, the female abdominal cavity has a direct anatomical path from the outside world via the female reproductive tract.
  99. Prolapsed uterus
    Severe prolapse can result in the uterine cervix protruding from the vaginal opening
  100. Obstetrician
    A physician specializing in the diagnosis and management of pregnancy and delivering babies
  101. Gynecologist
    A physician specializing in diseases of the female reproductive system and surgery of this area
  102. Episiotomy
    A surgical procedure cutting into the perineal area, the area between the vagina and anus in order to prevent tearing of tissues when the baby’s head traverses the vaginal opening
  103. Hyserpsapingogram
    Special X-rays of the uterus and uterine tubes involving passing an opaque dye backwards up through the uterus to determine if the tubes are patent
  104. Colposcopy
    Using a magnifying instrument to inspect the interior of the vagina and cervix, the entrance to the uterus
  105. Dilation and Curettage (D&C)
    Dilating the cervix, the entrance into the uterus, and passing instruments that enable scrapping off superficial layers of the endometrium
  106. Mammoplasty
    Surgical reconstruction of the breast may involve breast enlargement or reduction or cosmetic reconstruction after mastectomy
  107. Pudendal Block
    An anesthetic administered to block sensation around the lower vagina and perineum
  108. -gravida
  109. -para
    Live birth
  110. Part/o, Toc/o
  111. Nulligravida
    Never Pregnant
  112. Primigravida
    First time pregnant
  113. Multigravida
    Multiple pregnancies
  114. Nullipara
    No live births
  115. Multipara
    Many live births
  116. Prepartum
    Before delivery
  117. Postpartum
    After delivery
  118. dystocia
    Difficult delivery
  119. Gravida 3, para 2
    Three pregnancies and two live births
  120. Abruptio placentae
    Premature separation of a normally implanted placenta before full term
  121. Placenta previa
    A placenta implanted over the cervical region of the uterus blocking the entrance to the birth canal
  122. Eclampsia
    A serious and life-threatening condition that may develop during pregnancy involving hypertension, convulsions and coma
  123. Ectopic pregnancy
    A pregnancy implanted anywhere outside of the uterus
Card Set
Urinary, Male, Female System