circulatory system

  1. blood leaves the heart going to all parts of the body via the
  2. normal red blood cell count is about
    5000000 per cubic millimeter
  3. Type B blood contains what antibodies?
  4. prothrombinand fibrinogen are
    clotting protiens that are normally found in the plasma of the blood
  5. How many types of wbcs are there
  6. someone with tyoe AB blood can receive blood from a person with type
    A B O
  7. the chambers of the heart are lined with
  8. blood returning from most of the areas of the body enders which chamber of the heart?
    right atrium
  9. the pulmonary artery is connected to the
    right ventricle
  10. veins (not arteries) have
    valves along the inner walls
  11. the systolic pressure is the pressure at the height of a
    ventricular contraction
  12. only in the region of the capillaries that an exchange occur between
    the plasma of the blood and the surrounding tissue fluid
  13. blood
  14. heart
    pump for circulatory system
  15. vessels
    circulate blood to and from the heart
  16. partterns of circulation
    different pathways that vellses follow
  17. lymphatics
    help tissue fluid back to normal patterns of circulation
  18. RBC erythrocytes
    made in flat bones
  19. WBC luekeocytes
    made in red bone marrow and lymphnoid tissue
  20. Plasma makes up how much and how much is RBCand WBC
    • 45% rbc and wbc
    • 55% plasma
  21. plasma protien
    • serum globulin- immulogical responses.
    • help with fluids
  22. rbc
    • have no nucleus and disk like
    • transports oxygen to the body and co2 away from the cells. made possible by hemoglobin.
    • live 3-4 months. removed by liver and spleen
  23. BP
    smallest cells, clotting mechanism.
  24. WBC granular leukocytes
    • made in bone marrow.
    • basophil, neutrophil, and eosinophil.
    • Have a nucleus.

    Protects body against infection
  25. monocytes
    remove large particles like broken down tissue cells.
  26. WBC
    engolphing forign substances and make antibodies.
  27. antigen
    • substances (protien) stimulate organisms immune system to make antibody
    • found in rbc
  28. antibody
    • produced by immune system that destroys or innactivats a particular antigen
    • found in plasma
  29. agultination
    process of blood clotting
  30. what starts the clotting process
    throblplastin released by damaged bp
  31. functions of the heart
    creates pressure inorder to pump the blood through out the body
  32. heart lies beneath the
    sternum surrounded by the rib cage
  33. paracaditis
    inflamation of the sac the heart sits in
  34. layers of the heart
    endocardium(inner), epicardium(outer layer), myocardium (middle)
  35. atria recive
    blood from the body
  36. veins
    bring blood to heart
  37. artery
    take blood away from the heart
  38. superior vena cava
    • drains from head into the right atrium
    • lots of co2 and little oxygen
  39. 4 pulmonary veins dump into
    left atrium into the left vetricle which is pushed throughout the body
  40. heart beat order
    • sa node
    • av node
    • bundle of his
    • purkinje fibers
  41. artieries
    carry blood away from the heart
  42. layers of veins and arteries
    tunica intama, media, anvatitia
  43. pressure
    the pressure within the vessels
  44. systolic pressure
    squeezing of the heart
  45. diastole
    ventricular relaxation
  46. radial
    • is in radial bone by hand
    • in neck
    • in the head
  47. pulmonary circut
    • out of right ventricle (heart) into the lungs
    • deoxgenated
    • returned to heart via pulmonary veins
    • oxygenated
  48. portal circulation
    • drainage of gastrointestinal area going into portal vein into the liver.
    • leave liver in a large hepatic vein.
  49. fetal circulation
    • unique cuz of non functional systems
    • no need for digestive and respiratory system
  50. 2 umbilical arteries and 1 umbilical vein make
    the umbilical cord
  51. foramen ovale
    hole in the heart that sends blood from the right to left atrium
  52. ductus arterious
    short vessel that connects the pulmonary artery to the arota. bypassing lungs
  53. functions of lymphatics
    important role in circulation.
Card Set
circulatory system
minicourse 5