patho ch5

  1. anemia
    decrease in circulating hemoglobin and oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood because of decreased erythocyte production, decreased hemoglobin production, excessive hemolysis, or loss of blood
  2. angiogenesis
    the development of new capillaries
  3. antineoplastic
    drugs used to treat cancer
  4. apoptosis
    a normal programmed cell death in tissues
  5. atypical
  6. biopsies
    the removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination to determine a diagnosis
  7. chromosomes
    made up of genes, the genetic code of the living cell, consisting of DNA
  8. cytologic
    study of cells in terms of structure, function and chemistry
  9. differentiation
    increased specialization of cells for certain functions
  10. infiltrate
    to spread into or invade surrounding tissues
  11. leukopenia
    lacking in leukocytes
  12. metastasis
    spread to distant sites by blood of lymphatic channels
  13. micrometastases
    secondary tumors which are too small to be detected
  14. mitosis
    basic cell cycle of growth and reproduction
  15. mutation
    a permanent change in cellular genetic material that is passed to future cellular generations
  16. nadir
    point of lowest cell count
  17. oncology
    the study of malignant tumors (cancer)
  18. palliative
    providing comfort and relieving pain and other symptoms of a disease without effecting a cure
  19. pneumonia
    infection in the lung by pneumococcus, viruses, or other microbes. Congestion interferes with oxygen diffusion and ventilation
  20. prognosis
    the probable outcome of a disease
  21. prophylactic
    a measure or drug to prevent disease
  22. radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    is a medical procedure where part of the electrical conducting system of the heart, tumor or other dysfunctional tissue is ablated using high frequency alternating current to treat a medical disorder
  23. radioisotopes
    a radioactive form of an element, giving off radiation (beta or gamma) in the body, used in diagnosis and therapy
  24. remission
    is the state of absence of the disease activity in patients known to have incurable chronic illness.
  25. recurrence
    a repetition or revisiting of an illness or condition
  26. seeding
    the spread of cancer cells in body fluids or along membranes, usually in body cavities. (EX. ovarian cancer)
  27. thrombocytopenia
    abnormally low number of thrombocytes or platelets, most common cause of abnormal bleeding
  28. total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
    administration of a nutritionally complete fluid (protein, glucose, vitamins, etc.) into the superior vena cava
Card Set
patho ch5
patho ch 5 quiz 2