Cardiovascular System: Common Therapeutic Drug Classifications

  1. angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
    a drug that suppresses the conversion of angiotensin in the blood by the angiotensin-converting enzyme
  2. antianginal
    a drug that dilates coronary arteries, restoring oxygen to the tissues to relieve the pain of angina pectoris
  3. antiarrhythmic
    a drug that counteracts cardiac arrhythmia
  4. anticoagulant
    a drug that prevents clotting of the blood
  5. beta-adrenergic blocking agents
    agents that inhibit responses to sympathetic adrenergic nerve activity causing a slowing of electrical conduction and heart rate and a lowering of the pressure within the walls of the vessels
  6. calcium channel blockers
    agents that inhibit the entry of calcium ions in heart muscle cells causing a slowing of the heart rate, lessening the demand for oxygen and nutrients, and relaxing of the smooth muscle cells of the blood vessels that cause dilation
  7. cardiotonic
    a drug that increases the force of mycardial contractions in the heart
  8. diuretic
    a drug that increases the secretion of urine
  9. hypolipidemic
    a drug that reduces serum fat and cholesterol
  10. statins
    agents that lower cholesterol in the blood by inhibiting the effect of HMG-CoA reductase, a liver enzyme responsible for producing cholesterol
  11. thrombolytic agents
    drugs used to dissolve thrombi (blood clots)
  12. vasoconstrictor
    a drug that causes narrowing of the blood vessels, decreasing blood flow
  13. vasodilator
    a drug that causes dilation of the blood vessels, increasing the blood flow
Card Set
Cardiovascular System: Common Therapeutic Drug Classifications
Quiz 3