Ch 12 Vocab.txt

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  1. auscultation
    listening to sounds within the body
  2. percussion
    tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
  3. pleural rub
    scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
  4. rales (crackles)
    fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
  5. rhonchi
    loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
  6. sputum
    material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
  7. stridor
    strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
  8. wheezes
    continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
  9. croup
    acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough and stridor
  10. diphtheria
    acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium
  11. epistaxis
  12. pertussis
    whoopingcough; highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis
  13. asthma
    chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production
  14. bronchiectasis
    chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
  15. chronic bronchitis
    inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time; type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  16. cystic fibrosis (CF)
    inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions in the respiratory tract do not drain normally
  17. atelectasis
    collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alvioli
  18. emphysema
    hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
  19. lung cancer
    malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi
  20. pneumoconiosis
    abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
  21. pneumonia
    acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
  22. pulmonary abscess
    large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs
  23. pulmonary edema
    fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
  24. pumonary embolism (PE)
    clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
  25. pulmonary fibrosis
    formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
  26. sarcoidosis
    chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules (granulomas) develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
  27. tuberculosis
    infection disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected
  28. mesothelioma
    rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
  29. pleural effusion
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
  30. pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleura
  31. pneumothorax
    collection of air in the pleural space
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Ch 12 Vocab.txt
Unit 4 Ch 12
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