1. What is Atheism?
    The denial of the existense of a personal god (opposite of Theism)--or, for some today, of any spiritual reality.
  2. What is Theoretical atheism?
    • Is the position that no such deities or spiritual reality exists.
    • (Deities = A God, divine character or nature, especially that of the SupremeBeing; divinity.)
  3. What is Functional atheism?
    • Holds that even if deities or spiritual reality exists, humans are on their own in reaching the ultimate goal.
    • (Deities = A God, divine character or nature, especially that of the SupremeBeing; divinity.)
  4. What does consumerism mean?
    Term used to designate a modern secular religion in which the acquisition of material things is ultimate.
  5. What is cosmogonic myth?
    Is the story that tells the ordering of reality.
  6. What is eschatological myth?
    Is the story that tells of the end of the current age and the beginning of a new one.
  7. What is the difference between evaluative versus descriptive?
  8. What does functional definition of religion means?
  9. What is functional methods (e.g., psychology, sociology, anthropology.)
  10. What is the definition of religion?
    Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy.
  11. What is Marxism?
  12. What is monotheism?
    • The belief in one all-powerful personal deity who created, sustains, and will judge the cosmos.
    • (Deity = A God or Godness.)
  13. What is myth?
    • A story about the sacred that is foundational, creating the basic patterns of life for people who accept the story as true for them.
    • (Sacred = Devoted or dedicated to a God or to some religious purpose.)
  14. What does periodic rituals mean?
  15. What does phenomenological method means?
  16. What is philosophy of religion?
  17. What is polytheism?
    Is a belieft in a multiplicity of personal deities.
  18. ?
    Religious (theological) approaches to studying religion.
  19. What does rites of passage mean?
    It means rituals that mark and facilitate the transition from one state of life to the next, typically at birth, puberty, marriage, and death.
  20. What is rituals?
    Is a symbolic action in response to perceived ultimacy, based on myth.
  21. What does secular religion means?
    • Is to have nonspiritual, this-worldly ultimacies.
    • (Wordly = Of or pertaining to this world as contrasted with heaven, spiritual life, etc. earthly, mundane.)
  22. What is symbol?
    Is an object, word, or action that points toward and allows experience of and/or participation in perceived ultimacy.
  23. What is theism?
    Belief in one or more personal deities.
  24. What is cosmology?
    • The study of (or a view of) how the universe (all reality) is ordered. A cosmogony is a theory or story of how the cosmos originated.
    • (Cosmos = The world or universe regarded as an orderly, harmonious system.)
  25. What is eschatology?
    Teaching about or study of the "end time," which will occur at the climax of history, according to the religions that originated in the Middle East.
  26. What is secular?
    Having to do with observable reality, as opposed to the spiritual.
Card Set
Chapter 1 Vocab