Based on principle that an ethnical decision serves to produce the GREATEST numver of persons involved
Looks at the human duties to others and tries to analyze the principles on which these duties are based is
The deontology principles are?
- 1. Autonomy
- 2. Benefience
- 3. fidelity
- 4. Justice
- 5. Nonmaleficence
Refer's to the CLIENT'S RIGHT to self-determination and independence is
The view that all TREATMENTS must be for the client's good is
An individual's obligation to be FAITHFUL to commitments and contracts is
Fidelity (i.e. make sure you come to appt)
The principle ensuring fairness, equlity and honesty in decisions is
The view that, above all, care providers must DO NO HARM is
Two broad ehtnical theories that can guide the development of professional ethnics are
Legislators have already confronted these dilemmas and an effort to ensure
Law most commonly involves (dictate what a person must not do). What duty?
Enthnical principles dictate (those activities one should do). What duty?
The _________ published the code of ethnics for nurses in the 1960s.
American Nurses Associations (ANA)
Prudent/Appropriate Nursing behaviors are
- 1. Present trustworthy-tell truth, rapport
- 2. Use tehcniques to de-escalate anger (calm voice, controlled, remove client)
- 3. Know state laws
- 4. Do not rush interactions or explanations
- 5. Carefully document data
- 6. Carefully record all tx, interventionas, and procedures when giving care
Learned beliefs about what is held to be good or bad in culture?
Leaned behaviors that are perceived to be appropriate or inappropriate in culture is?
Ho noted that a central Asian belief is that...
"the best healing source lies wihtin the family" and seeking help from outside (counseling and therapy)
____ is such an important part of a therapeutic role.
Two aspects of time orientation that can affect psychiatric mental health care is
1. Emphasis on past, present, future time orientation.
2. organization of acitivities either seuentially or synochronically.
Study of people/group of people is
An extensive number and range of diagnoses?
Disorders in DSM-IV-TR
- 1. Mood disorders- Feeling of depression
- 2. Schizophrenia- sx of pychosis or loss of touch to reality
- 3. Substance abuse disorders- alcohol and variety of substances
- 4. Anxiety disorder - Obessive compulsive disorder, phobias, panic and generalized anxiety
Each of these studies interviewed about a 1,000 residents in a community for evidence ofmental disorder is
- Midtown Manhatten Study in New York
- Baltimore Morbidity Study
- Sterling County Study in Canada
ECA study stands for?
Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study
What is controlled clinical trial?
- Experimental group
- Control group
- Double-blinded trial
Persons RECEIVING TREATMENT or having a given condition or disease under study
& at least one comparison?
(i.e. Controlled Clinical trial)
Persons receiving NO TREATMENT or being free of a given condition or disease under study is?
(i.e. Controlled Clinical Trial)
A TRUE clinical trial is
The sujects DO NOT know they are receiving active treatment is
Placebo - tx that is thought to have no specific effect on the expected outcome.
Neither the subjects or persons evaluating the outcome know whether any subject is receiving active treatment or placebo is?
Evaluations in which neither clients nor caregivers are allowed to know exactly what treatment is being given?
Controlled Clincal trials
Most mental disorders are?
Endemic or sporadic
Well known in nursing practice describes a disease or condition that SPREADS or circulates witnin a population?
Means they are CONSTANTLY or regularly found in within a population?
Who wrote children's epidemics?
Anatomy of Melancholy is an important 17th century worked filled with classical quotations on mental illness and written to keep lonely author's mind off his own severe depression is
Who suffered from alcoholism?
Alexander the Great
First version of Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Diorders is?
By 1980 Diagnostic & Statiscal Manual of Mental Health Disorders third edition is what? It was revised in 1994 and called?
The number of NEW CASES of an illness, condition, or injury that begin within a CERTAIN time period is
Refers to the number of PERSONS in na population who are living with a disease or disorder ANYTIME is (i.e. new and old cases?
Published DATA us complex statistical tools is
The study of documents describe the condition under study is
Population studied before and after some even such as the introduction of a new service of a new law is
Quasi-experimental - set cases and set controls
Two groups of case-control stuides are?
- Cases - given disease or condition
- Controls-all are FREE of condition and diseases
The book entiled What is the Case?
Wing, Bebbinting & Robins 1981
Most often characterized by feelings of depression.
The most common mood disorder in DSM is
Major Depressive Disorder
Accord on diagnosis between different EVALUATORS
Accord on diagnosis between individuals evaluating the same condition
Accord on diagnosis on different EXAMINATIONS by the same evaluator