2nd nine weeks GOVT

  1. Sharia
    Islamic law based on the teachings of the Koran
  2. communist
    derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
  3. Corporatist
    The control of a state or organization by large interest groups.
  4. direct democracy
    sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate
  5. pluralistic republic
    A form of society in which minority groups maintain their independent cultural traditions
  6. Theocracy
    government in which its ruled in the name of God or a god
  7. authoritarian regime
    regime of enforcing strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom
  8. civil society
    That arena of social life outside the state and the family (i.e. mainly voluntary organisations and civic associations) that permits individuals to associate freely and independently of state regulation.
  9. linkage institution
    a structure within a society that connects the people to the government
  10. parliamentary democracy
    A system of government in which the power to make and executelaws is held by a parliament.
  11. presidential democracy
    system of government where an executive branch exists and presides separately from the legislature.
  12. Camarillas
    a group of advisers to a ruler or politician
  13. haciendas
    A large estate or plantation with a dwelling house
  14. Maquiladoras
    A factory in Mexico run by a foreign company and exporting its products to the country of that company
  15. Parastatals
    Having some political authority and serving the state indirectly
  16. Sexenos
    The six-year term of a Mexican president.
  17. colonial rule
    building and maintaining of colonies in one territory by people from another territory.
  18. Democratization
    The process of transforming an institution to conform to democratic norms
  19. structural adjustment
    A development policy requiring that the governments which receive development aid must make certain changes to their economic and political practices
  20. What are some of the effects of non-reelections in Mexican politics?
    Increases the importance of career bureaucrats.
  21. What is the importance of Nigeria's constitution to its political system?
    It's always changing.
  22. How was the PRI able to dominate Mexican politics for more than fifty years?
    Shared power.
  23. Why has political conflict taken place within the Communist Party?
    Dissension outside party is dealt with harshly.
  24. Why have critics regarded Iranian elections as undemocratic?
    Rule of the Guardian Council
  25. What is the best description of the political regime governing Mexico during most of the 20th century?
  26. What is significant about the Presidential elections of 2000 and 2006 in Mexico?
    PRI didn't win - more transparent than other elections
  27. What is an effect of a vast majority of Mexicans being Roman Catholic (politically speaking)?
    Religion has a firm role in politics
  28. Which group resolves policymaking conflicts between different institutions of the Iranian government?
    Expediency Council
  29. What was the Zapatista movement based upon?
    Amerindians - rights and fair treatment
  30. The most important division within the Mexican elite during the last few decades has been?
    Technicos v. politicos
  31. What current economic and political policies are being implemented in China?
    SEZ - relaxed politics
  32. Who (whom) provides a check on the Supreme Leader in Iran?
    Religious experts
  33. What has been the biggest obstacle in establishing a successful regime in Nigeria?
    Many ethnic groups
  34. Which institution in Mexico is most comparable to the British House of Commons?
    Chamber of Deputies
  35. Which country (of the ones studied this year) does NOT export oil?
  36. Before 2000, what was the political route to the presidency in Mexico centered on?
  37. Nigeria's political party system can best be described as what type of system?
    Constantly changing - multiparty
  38. What are the social cleavages in Mexico's regions?
    South Farmers- PRI
  39. Of the countries that we have studied, which has the most significant progress towards democracy in the last 15 years?
  40. In Iran, who has the primary responsibility of ensuring that government policies conform to Islam?
    Guardian Council
  41. What type of voters would have most likely supported the PRI candidate for president in 2000?
    Southern with little education
  42. What are the main political views of the PRD in Mexico?
  43. How have democratic reforms been enacted in China?
    Elections at the local level
  44. What are the main political views of the PAN in Mexico?
    More government involvement
  45. What are the political similarities between Mexico and China?
    Mexico- the military is not nearly as important as it is in China
  46. How does the division of power operate in Mexico?
    Unusually centralized
  47. Which of the following countries has a bicameral national legislature? China, Iran, Mexico or Nigeria
    Mexico and Nigeria
  48. How does judicial review operate in Nigeria?
    Only a check since 1999
  49. What are some reasons for the low legitimacy in Iran?
    Clerics still control the government
  50. Where does formal authority reside in China?
    National People's Congress
  51. What is true of Islam in the political systems of Nigeria and Iran?
    • Iran - Sharia law is the force behind political law
    • Nigeria - becoming a part of law in the states
Card Set
2nd nine weeks GOVT
government iran mexico nigeria