1. A.D.
    the abbreviation for the Latin term,Anno Domini, or “in the year of the Lord”; used withdates
  2. Acculturation
    The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come in to contact.
  3. Alliance
    an agreement betweencountries to protect and defend each other
  4. Anarchy
    Absence or lack of government
  5. aqueduct
    a structure that carrieswater over long distances
  6. archaeologist
    Scientist who examines objects to learn about the human past
  7. archipelago
    Group of islands
  8. architecture
    the activity of designing buildings
  9. art and literature
    communicates a groups values and ideas
  10. artisan
    a worker that is skilled at crafting items by hand
  11. authoritarian
    A non-democratic form of government that has one or a group of leaders that have all of the power
  12. B.C.
    Before Christ
  13. bible
    holy book of christions
  14. birthrate
    ratio of total live births to total population in one community in one period of time. per thousand
  15. blended family
    a step family
  16. boycott
    refusal to buy or use certain products
  17. Buddhism
    a religion based on the teachings of Buddha
  18. capitalism
    economic system based on private ownership of industry for a profit
  19. cardinal directions
    North, south, east, west
  20. cartographer
    person who makes maps
  21. cash crop
    a crop raised to be sold for $
  22. Christianity
    the Christian religion, based on the life and teachings of Jesus and on the Christian holy book, the Bible
  23. church
    place to go to worship
  24. city-state
    a city with its own government that is both a city and independent state
  25. civil war
    a war between political parties or regions within the same country.
  26. civilization
    a society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes
  27. climate
    the general or average weather conditions of a certain region including temp, rainfall, and wind
  28. colony
    a territory ruled by another nation
  29. command economy
    a economy that is pland/controled by the government
  30. commercial farming
    the raising of crops or livestock for sale, on the local/world market
  31. communism
    all work and land should be shared by the community no private ownership
  32. compass rose
    a figure on a map used to display cardinal directions
  33. coordinates
    paired points of lat/long to mark points.
  34. counter culture
    a culture within a culture with values and lifestyles in opposition to those of the established culture
  35. cultural diffusion
    the spreading of ideas or practices from one culture to other cultures.
  36. culture
    shared rules of behavior and beliefs among members of society
  37. culture shock
    Sense of confusion, discomfort, disorientation, anduncertainty felt by those exposed to a different culturalenvironment
  38. currency
    paper $ in circulation
  39. customs and traditions
    principles and values pasted to future generations passed between these
  40. democracy
    a kind of government when people govern themselves with direct vote
  41. developed country
    a country with a many industries and a well devoloped economy
  42. developing country
    a country with low industrial production and no modern technology
  43. dialect
    a region with language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar or vocab
  44. dictatorship
    a ruler that has total control of the government and authoritarian system
  45. distortion
    to change facts to mislead someone
  46. diversify
    to add varity
  47. domesticate
    to adapt wild plants for human use tame wild animals for human use
  48. drought
    lack of rain in an area
  49. dynasty
    a series of rulers from the same family
  50. economy
    a system for producing, distributing, consuming, and owning goods and services.
  51. elevation
    how high you are from sea level
  52. emperor
    male leader of an empire
  53. empire
    terrritory ruled by an emperor
  54. enculturation
    the process in which a person adapts to the culture in which the live in
  55. equator
    line dividing north/southern hemispheres. o degrees
  56. ethnic group
    a group of people that share the same charisticts such as language, religion and ancestry.
  57. ethnocentrism
    based on the attitude that ones own group is superior
  58. extended family
    grandparents, cousins
  59. famine
    lack of food
  60. fascism
    authoritarian government based on nationalistic ideas of patriotism and intolerance of others
  61. fasting
    dont eat
  62. federal
    referring to a centralized government for a unionized state
  63. fertile
    good soil for planting crops, high in nutrients.
  64. fertile crescent
    a region in SW Asia. sight of the first civilizations
  65. feudalism
    a system in which land was owned by the lords but held by vassals in return for loyalty.
  66. fossil fuels
    source of energy from remains of plants/animals
  67. free enterprise
    economic system in which people can choose on jobs, property/business make profit
  68. GDP
    total market value of all final goods and services produced in a country in a given year
  69. generalization
  70. geography
    study of earth's surface and properties that shape it
  71. god/goddess
    being considered to be the ruler of the universe or object of worship
  72. goods
    a product made by hand/ machine for trade
  73. government
    provides common need for protection order and safety.
  74. grid
    imaginary intersection lines that run n/s, e/w. Finds location.
  75. HEI
    relationship between people and environment
  76. hemisphere
    one half of earth
  77. hieroglyphs
    pictures or other written symbols that stand for ideas things and sounds
  78. Hinduism
    religion developed in india by the aryans. Recognizes many gods.
  79. history
    writtin and other recored events about people
  80. Holocaust
    the mass murder of 6 million jews.
  81. homogeneous
    identical or similar as in ethnic group with little outside influence. Leaving its people fairly simple
  82. human geography
    study of how humans interact with earth on physical and cultural standpoint.
  83. hunter-gatherer
    group that supports its self by fishing and hunting. gathered wild fruits/veggies nomadic.
  84. hydroelectric power
    power by using water turbines.
  85. idol
    image, person, or statue worshiped as a god
  86. immigrant
    a person who moves from once country to another
  87. imperialism
    the political and economic control of one Gov.. by another
  88. industrial revolution
    1800 when products began to be made by machines
  89. industry
    manufacturing activity as a whole.
  90. intermediate directions
  91. international date line
    imaginary line in the middle of the pacific 180 degrees from PM in earthier direction
  92. irrigation
    bring in water to water crops
  93. Islam
    the religion practiced by muslims based on the teachings of prophet muhammad using the quran
  94. Judaism
    religion of the Jewish people believe in one god. believe in teachings of the hebrew bible
  95. key
    a list/chart that explains symbols on a map.
  96. landlocked
    a counrty that doesn't have a water boarder
  97. language
    system of communicating w/other people using sounds, symbols, and words to express meaning thought or idea
  98. latitude
    imaginary lines running n-s measured in degrees up to 90
  99. least developed country
    country whose GDP is less than $750
  100. life expectancy
    average # of years a person is expected to live
  101. literacy rate
    % of population that can read and write.
  102. location
    • where a certain point can be found on earth.
    • Relative: next to, direction
    • Absolute: address
  103. longitude
    imaginary lines running from e-w from P.M. to 180 degrees
  104. malnutrition
    a poor nutrition caused by lack of food
  105. manufacturing
    the process of turning raw materials into finished products
  106. melting pot
    all immigrant cultures are mixed
  107. meridian
    lines of longitude
  108. migrate
    to move from one place to settle in another
  109. mixed economy
    economics system with some government involvement with public and private owned businesses.
  110. monarchy
    run by the King and Queen
  111. monocultural
    one culture without diversity or dissension
  112. monotheism
    belief that only one god exists
  113. monsoon
    storm with lots of wind
  114. mountain
    high piece of land
  115. movement
    how people, goods, and ideas move from one place to another.
  116. multicultural
    many cultures in one area.
  117. Muslim
    follower of islam.
  118. nationalism
    extreme patriotism that is based on intolerance of others.
  119. natural resources
    a useful material that is found in nature
  120. nomad
    a person who as no settled home
  121. nonrenewable resource
    a natural resource that cannot be replaced once it is used up.
  122. nuclear family
    family consisting of a mother, father and kids.
  123. oral traditions
    a scientists who examines objects to learn about the human past
  124. parallel
    another term for the lines of latitude
  125. peninsula
    land nearly surrounded by water
  126. physical geography
    study of the natural features of earths surface like climate, land formations, and currents
  127. pilgrimage
    move from one land to another.
  128. place
    the natural and human features that make one area different from other areas.
  129. plantation
    a large farm where cash crops are grown
  130. plateau
    a raised area of level land bordered on one or more sides by steep cliffs.
  131. pole
    the top of earth. North/south poles.
  132. polytheism
  133. population
    all of the people inhabiting in one specific area.
  134. prehistory
    time before writing was invented
  135. president
    the executive leader of a republic
  136. prime meridian
    line of longitude divides earth e-w
  137. projection
    a way of representing a globe on a flat page
  138. raw materials
    materials that can be converted by manufacturing processing or combo into a new, useful product
  139. region
    areas that share at least one common feature.
  140. religion
    belief in god or gods
  141. renaissance
    period of european history that included the interest of learning art
  142. republic
    type of government in which citizens have the right to vote and select leaders.
  143. revolution
    a far reaching change.
  144. rift
    a fight
  145. river
    a body of water the flows
  146. sacred
    devoted for a religious purpose
  147. savanna
    a region with tall grasses and scattered trees
  148. scale
    ratio between measurements on a map
  149. scientific revolution
    the period of advances in science that was at its height in the 17th century and produced widespread change in traditional beliefs held since the Middle Ages.
  150. scribe
    a professional writer
  151. senate
    the governing body of reps in a republic
  152. social structures
    relationships between groups of individuals.
  153. socialism
    a mixed economy with a strong government influence
  154. standard of living
    a level of material comfort measured by goods services and luxuries available to a individual group or nation
  155. steppe
    grasslands with fertile soil in russia
  156. stereotype
    an opinion of a person, group, or thing.
  157. stone age
    period of time where humans made lasting tools/wepons from stone. earliest period known to humans
  158. subculture
    groups with distinctive characteristics within a large culture
  159. subsistence farming
    farming that provides enough food for family or village.
  160. supply and demand
    determined by when they cross.
  161. temple
    place of worship
  162. textiles
    cloth product
  163. theocracy
    a government ruled by religion or religious laws
  164. theology
    study of religion
  165. tolerance
    a freedom from prejudice
  166. trade
    the business of buying and selling or bartering goods
  167. traditional economy
    an economy that is based on subsistence farming an providing for basic needs including bartering.
  168. tributary
    a stream or river that flows into another stream or river.
  169. truce
    cease fire agreement
  170. typhoon
    tropical storm develops in the pacific winds over 70
  171. urbanization
    the movement of populations toward cities
  172. westernization
    the adoption of western European culture
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