CPATH 100 Test 2

  1. What is another name of Atherosclerosis?
    Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
  2. What layer of the vessel is most affected by Atherosclerosis?
    The intimal layer
  3. At what age do the lesions caused atherroscleosis appear and where?
    • 10 years old in the Aotra
    • 20 years old coronary arteries
    • 30 years old Cerebral vessels
  4. What causes ischemia?
    Atheromatous plaque, Coronary Emboli, Severe Hypertension, AO Stenosis, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Rapid Heart Rate,
  5. What are some systolic effects of MI?
    Hypokinesis, Akinesis, Dyskinesis
  6. What are some Diastolic effects of MI?
    In crease in LVEDP
  7. What is characterized by chest pain brought on by excersice and stress?
    Stable angina
  8. What type of angina is relieve by rest and/or NTG administration?
  9. What type of angina can indicate chronic heart disease?
  10. What type of angina covers a variety of syndromes?
  11. What type of angina is characterized by chest pain that rapidly increases in frequency and intensity?
  12. What is the difference between chest pain and angina?
    Angina has ECG tracings
  13. After _____ hours, massive cellular necrosis & functional impairment sets in
  14. Death of myocardium begins when severe ischemia is present for _________.
    > 1 hour
  15. What are the zones of abnormality functionality in AMI?
    • Central area of Necrosis
    • Adjacent area of Necrosis/Ischemia
    • Periperal area of Necrosis/Ischemia
  16. When a function is either akinetic or dyskinetic and electially inert, what area of necrosis is effected?
  17. When a function is either hypokinetic or Akinetic and prone to ectopy, what area of necrosis is effected?
  18. When a function is hypokinetic and electrically unstable, what area of necrosis is effected?
  19. What are patient variables for MI?
    • Size of infarct
    • Funtional status of non-involved anatomy
    • Co-morbidities/pathologies
    • Time from onset of symptoms to treatment (Door to balloon time)
  20. What can mitral and tricuspid regurge cause?
  21. What are three types of cardiomyopathies?
    Dilated, Restrictive, and Hypertrophic
  22. Which cardiomyopathy has poorly contracting, dilated ventricles w/Bilateral Dilation?
  23. Which cardiomyopathy results in diffuse systolic dysfunction w/decreased EF & CO?
  24. Which cardiomyopathy is had poorly compliant ventricles w/ventricular filling?
  25. Which cardiomyopathy has a hypertrophic and hypolontractile left ventricle?
  26. What is symptomology of Cardiac Tamponade?
    • Pulsus Paradoxus
    • Equalization of diastolic pressure
  27. List the causes of Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • Toxic substances
    • Alcohol, cocaine, Lithium, tobacco abuse
    • Viral infection
    • May occur in last trimester of pregnancy
  28. Is there possibilty that dilated cardiomyopathy can be reversed?
  29. Papillary muscle dysfunction/rupture, valvular regurge, reduction in systemic blood flow, acute ventricular septal defect, cardiac rupture, and right ventricular infarction are all complications of ______.
    Myocardial Infarction
  30. Thromboytics w/in 30 minute arrival, PCI w/in 90 minutes arrival, beta blockers, IIB/IIIA Inhibitors, and atropine are medication used to treat ________.
    Myocardia Infarction
  31. What are risk factors of Atherosclerosis?
    Dyslipidemia, Hypertension, Tobacco use, Diabetes
  32. This type of chest pain causes:
    Musuloskeletal, Neuroligic, Mediastinal, Pulmonary, and Gastro-Intestinal
  33. This type of chest pain causes:
    Myocarditis, Pericarditis, Aortic &/or subaortic valve O2, Ao dissection, Thoracic &/or abdominal AO anuerysm
  34. List complication of Pericarditis
    • Pericardial effusion and Tamponade
    • Pericardial fibrosis and Thickening
    • CAuses Constriction physiology
Card Set
CPATH 100 Test 2
CPATH 100 Test 2