Social Studies Progressives

  1. 19th Amendment
    The right for women to vote.
  2. Guilded Age
    The rich ccontrolled the government and didn't care about the poor.
  3. Middle Class
    Social Class that many reformers represented and were heavily affected. Many people who were middle class became extremely poor.
  4. Elizibeth Cady Stanton
    A suffragist leader
  5. Susan B. Anthony
    Womans suffragist leader
  6. Settlement House
    Organizations that provided daycare, bathing services, sewing and cooking lessons, education, and job assitance for those who were poor in cities. These were made by Progressives.
  7. Conservation
    Cencept that the US should control how the resources were used. Some of the resources should be used for future generations.
  8. Temperance Movement
    The movemetn that led to ban alcohol in the US. They said alcohol was the problem for everything in the US.
  9. Square Deal
    Roosevelt's domestic policy. It was fair for the consumer, producer, business, and environment. Heavily took down trusts and monopolies and favored the workers.
  10. Laissez-Faire
    Hands of policy and let the people rule themselves.
  11. Clayton Anti-Trust Act
    The stronger of the two anti-trust laws. Gave power to labor unions
  12. Meat Inspection Act
    Created inspections on both meat and meat factories to protect the health of the people.
  13. Pure Food and Drug Act
    Required that all food and drugs are to be labeled accurately with what they are made of, instructions, and make sure theree are no false claims.
  14. 16th Amendment
    Made income tax legal.
  15. Hull House
    1st settlement house by Jane Adams and Ellen gates Starr.
  16. 18th Amendment
    The amendment that banneed alcohol (prohibition)
  17. Federal Banking System
    President Wilsons modernized American banking system and dealt with the country's money.
  18. How did the Progressives create Social Change?
    Progressives, after taking care of business and government, were able to make a better middle class than the poverty people had been living in.
  19. How did the growth of industry and the movement to cities affect women?
    • Industrialization made life eassiere at home, meaning that they had more time.
    • Industres made middle class homes with small families.
    • These things were what allowed Women to be more active. They educated themselves, and some didn't get married so they could work jobs as teachers and nurses. Women started settlement houses and fought for the right to vote. They also were apart of the temperance movement.
  20. What role did presidential leadership play in reforming problems in business.
    • Roosevelt
    • Busted the bad trusts
    • Stopped the policy of Laissez-faire
    • Taft
    • Won many anti-trust cases because he went after all trusts
    • Income tax was more reasonable than tariff because then if people didn't like the US quality, they would buy out of the country.
    • Challenged by Roosevelt again, but instead Woodrow Wilsoon sneaks in and steals the vote.
    • Wilson
    • Banned child labor goods
    • Regulated banking
    • Forms Clayton Anti-Trust Act
  21. How did the government respond to reformers' goals?
    The government at first ignores everything that Progressives say because of the corruption. All of the political leaders were against Progressives. When Roosevelt became president, things began to change. Voters were given more control in government and it allowed the Progressives to have more say in what went on. The government attacked trusts, fought for labor unions, and supported Progressive ideas.
  22. What was the 16th amendment and whom did it affect?
    The income tax and affected all of the people who got a pay check. They were taxed a certain amount of money off of their paycheck.
  23. What was the 17th amendment and whom did it affect?
    Gives voters the power to choose their own Senators.
  24. What was the 18th amendment and whom did it affect?
    Alcohol was banned and it affected everyone over 21
  25. What was the 19th amendment and whom did it affect?
    Women's suffrage. It affected all women who were old enough to vote.
  26. What was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and whom did it affect?
    The Sherman Anti-Trust act broke up trusts, but it was the weaker of the two. It mainly affected entreprenuers who were tryinig to get a monopoly.
  27. What was the Clayton Anti-Trust Act and whom did it affect?
    The Clayton Anti-Trust Act broke up trusts, and was the stronger of the two. It mainly affected entreprenuers who were tryinig to get a monopoly.
  28. What was the Square Deal and whom did it affect?
    The Square Deal was Teddy Roosevelt's plan for giving a fair and equal power to all people
  29. What were labor unions and whom did they affect?
    Labor Unions were groups of people who disliked the way that business was run. They formed and protested business with picket signs and strikes. They affected mainly themselves and their jobs, because businesses could easily find replacements.
  30. What is Arbitration and whom does it affect?
    A neutral person creates a solution. It was Rooevelt's way of supporting the laborers to get better working conditions.
  31. What is a Muckraker and whom do they affect? Give some examples of who they were and what they did.
    A person who tries and dig out all of the dirt and corruption during the Guilded Age. Brought down corrupt people in government, and powerful entreprenuers.
  32. What is Direct Primary and whom does it affect?
    Voters get to chose thee candidates
  33. What is Initiative and whom does it affect?
    Voters are allowed to propose laws.
  34. What is Referendum and whom does it affect?
    Voters can vote on a bill.
  35. What is Recall and whom does it affect?
    Voteres can elect to vote someone out of office if they don't like them for reasonable reasons.
  36. What was the Pendleton Civil Service Act and whom did it affect?
    Requires a government official to take a test proving that they have the appropriate knowledge for a government job. This helped the average person because you could no longer use the Spoils System.
  37. Describe the whole Boss Tweed story and what went down.
    Boss Tweed had a strong political machine known as Tammany Hall. He used lies and patronage to work his way up into higher power in government. Thomas Nast saw him as evil and with bad intentions. Boss Tweed was power hungry and made things worse, but Thomas Nast drew political cartoons to show everyone, including immigrants, what Tweed was doing. Tweed lost his power and laws were passed that stop political machines like Tammany Hall from forming again.
  38. Political Machine
    Organizations that controls the votes of people to control the government. They accepted bribes, overlooked their own illegal actions, added tax for no reason to make more money, and controlled the police.
  39. Corruption
    Illegal actions in the government
  40. Spoils System
    Rewarding those who helped you get into office with political power. The people were often not qualified for the job.
  41. Monopoly
    When there is only one producer in an industry. They eliminated competition because of their low prices, but once they had complete control, they raised there prices and people were forced to buy that necessity and caused a lot of problems.
  42. Trust
    A company owns major parts to make a product so they can have the cheapest prices and eliminate competition.
  43. Oligopoly
    The monopoly of the railroads when all of the railroad companies decided to work together.
  44. Sweatshops
    Areas where there was long hours of physical work. Often had child labor, and people would easily be fired for small mistakes because they could just go pull someone off the streets.
  45. Trust Buster
    The nickname that Teddy Roosevelt got because he busted all of the trusts.
  46. Thomas Nast
    Political carttonist who exposed the truth in pollitacl corruption.
  47. Teddy Roosevelt
    The president who busted many trusts. He was big in environment safety and was a Progressive. Nicknamed the trust buster. He was a very powerful president and got the job when McKinely died.
  48. Patronage
    Spoils System. Giving people what they want when they elect you to office.
  49. Tammany Hill
    The pollitical machine that Boss Tweed belonged to
  50. Lobbyists
    People that companies hired to try and get laws to favor business and not the people.
  51. Oil Industry
    John D. Rockefeller's industry that was a monopoly.
  52. Steel Industry
    Andrew Carnegie's indusrty that was a monopoly.
  53. How does the right to free press contribute to democracy?
    • Alerts the public of what is going on
    • Lowers the power of political machines
    • Exposes corruption
    • Voting became fair
    • Conditions improved
  54. What problems were caused by rapid industrialization? in the late 1800's cause?
    • Poverty
    • Low Wages
    • Disease
    • Crowded cities
    • Long hours
    • Child Labor
    • Immigrant struggles
    • Many people support the family
    • Poor homes/tenements/slums
    • Guilded Aged
  55. How did Progressives fight corruption in business?
    • Political cartoons showed immigrants the problems if they couldn't speak English
    • People formed together and turned on businesses and political machines
    • Published newspaper articles
    • Government passed laws to help regulate business
  56. How did Progressives fight government corruption?
    • Roosevelt was in office because political machines gave him the power of Vice President so he couldn't control New York anymore and then McKinley died and Roosevelt took office.
    • People were given better voting rights after muckrakers exposed the corruption in government.
Card Set
Social Studies Progressives
Social Studies Progressives