Phlebotomy chapter 5&6

  1. Prefixes
    beginning of a word
  2. Suffixes
    end of a word root
  3. Word roots
    Main part
  4. Combining form
    word root contains a vowel, usually an "o"
  5. a-,an-,ar-
    no, not, without
  6. ab-
    away from
  7. acous-
  8. ad-
  9. af-
  10. alb- alba-
  11. ambi-
  12. ana-
  13. aniso-
  14. ante-
  15. anti-,contra-
  16. atel-
    imperfect, incomplete
  17. auto-
  18. bi-
  19. bio-
  20. blasto-
  21. brachy-
  22. brady-
  23. cata-
  24. centri-
  25. bid
    twice a day
  26. BP
    blood pressure
  27. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  28. DOA
    dead on arrival
  29. DOB
    date of birth
  30. Dx
  31. ECG/EKG
  32. ED
    emergency department
  33. h
  34. Hx
  35. IM
  36. IV
  37. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  38. pp
  39. PRN
    as needed
  40. Pt
  41. q
  42. QNS
    quantity nonsufficient
  43. R/O
    rule out
  44. Rx
    prescription/ treatment
  45. stat
  46. TPR
    temperature, pulse, respiration
  47. Tx
  48. qid
    4 times a day
  49. Sentinel event
    an unanticipated death or permanent loss of function not related to a patient's illness or underlying condition
  50. Anatomy
    the study of the structure of the body
  51. 5 organizational levels of the body
    cells, tissue, organs, body systems, and the organism
  52. 4 basic types of tissue
    • Epithelial tissue
    • Connective tissue
    • Muscle tissue
    • Nerve tissue
  53. Homeostasis
    state of equilibrium in the body (keeps everything balanced)
  54. Atomic Position
    Body standing erect, head facing forward, arms ny the sides with palms facing to the front
  55. Integumentary systems 4 organs
    Skin, hair, nails, and glands
  56. Physiology
    the study of how the body functions
  57. The function of the integumentary system
    Protects against harmful pathogens and chemicals and regulates temperature
  58. The skeletal systems 4 organs
    Bones, ligaments, joints, and cartilage
  59. The muscular systems 2 organs
    muscles and tendons
  60. The nervous systems 3 organs
    Brain, spinal cord, and nerves
  61. The respiratory systems 6 organs
    nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
  62. The digestive systems 7 organs
    mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum
  63. The urinary systems 4 organs
    Kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
  64. The endocrine systems 9 organs
    Thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, thymus, and pineal gland
  65. The reproductive systems 5 female and 7 male organs
    • Female: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, and breast
    • Male: testes, epididymides, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, and penis
  66. The lymphatic systems 6 organs
    lymph vessels, ducts, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, and thymus
  67. The circulatory systems 4 organs
    heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries
  68. Frontal plane
    divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back)
  69. Sagittal Plane
    divides the body into uneven right and left portions
  70. Midsagittal plane
    divides the body into even right and left portions
  71. Transverse plane
    divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) portions
  72. Anterior
    In front of or before
  73. Posterior
    toward the back
  74. Superior
    above/ in an upward direction
  75. Inferior
    Below/ in a downward direction
  76. Proximal
    point of attachment near the body center
  77. Distal
    Point of attachment further from center
  78. Lateral
    to the side
  79. Medial
    nearest the midline
  80. Ventral
    the front side
  81. Dorsal
    The back side
  82. Superficial
    toward the surface
  83. Deep
    toward the interior
  84. Anterior plane (front) consist of two cavity's
    • Thoracic
    • abdominal
  85. The posterior plane (back) consist of 3 cavity's
    • pelvic
    • cranial
    • spinal
  86. The anterior plane consists of 10 organs
    lungs, heart, stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and kidneys
  87. The posterior plane consists of 5 organs
    bladder, ovaries, testes, brain, spinal cord
  88. Four quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity
    Right upper quadrant, right lower quadrants, left upper quadrants, left lower quadrants
  89. What are the four functions of the skin
    protection, regulation, sensation, secretion
  90. What vitamin does the skin produce
    vitamin D
  91. What does sebaceous glans secrete
    oil called sebum
  92. what does sudoriferous glans secrete
  93. What is the body's largest organ
  94. What are the three layers the skin consist of
    • epidermis- top layer of skin
    • dermis- bottom layer of skin
    • subcutaneous- connects the skin to the organs
  95. what is Keratin
    the tuff protein found in the outer skin, hair, and nails
  96. what is melanin
    the black pigment in the outer skin
  97. Name 4 disorders of the integumentary (skin) system
    Acne, herpes, ringworm, skin cancer
Card Set
Phlebotomy chapter 5&6
Phlebotomy Medical terminology and basic anatomy and physiology