1. Where was basketball first invented?
    United States
  2. Who invented basketball?
    Dr. James Naismith
  3. What time of year was basketball initially played?
    indoors during the long New England winters
  4. What was the first basketball hoop made out of?
    A peach basket
  5. Was dribbling initially part of the game?
    No, except for the "bounce pass" to teammates.
  6. What prompted President Theodore Roosevelt to suggest that colleges form a governing body over their sports?
    The frequent injuries in men's collegiate sports in the early 1900's.
  7. IAAUS
    Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the Unites states was established to set rules for ameteaur sports in the U.S.
  8. What would IAAUS change to?
    NCAA, National Collegiate Athletic Association
  9. What was NIT?
    National Invitation Tournament, the first national championship tournament for NCAA teams
  10. Dimensions of the court
    55 feet wide, 94 feet long
  11. free-throw line
    15 feet from the backboard
  12. Three point line (NCAA Women's and high school)
    19 feet 9 inches
  13. Three point line (NCAA Men's)
    20 feet 9 inches
  14. Three point line (NBA)
    23 feet 9 inches
  15. College game time
    2 halves of 20 minutes each (40 minutes)
  16. Fouls
    called as a result of illegal contact with an opposing player
  17. How long do you have to cross midcourt:
    10 seconds
  18. Out of bounds
    Causing the ball to go out of bounds (lines are out)
  19. Assist
    a pass that immediately precedes and sets up a scored basket.
  20. Backcourt
    the half of the court that is opposite a team's offensive basket, the court a team is attempting to defend
  21. Baseline/Endline
    The boundary that runs the width of the court
  22. Crossover
    A dribble in which the ball is moved from one hand to the other while the dribbler changes directions.
  23. Cut
    A quick movement by an offensive player to elude an opponent or to receive the ball.
  24. Drive
    A quick dribble directly to the basket in an effort to score.
  25. Elbow
    A term often used to indicate the area of the court where the free-throw line and side of the key meet.
  26. Frontcourt
    The half of the court (divided by the center line) that contains the offensive team's basket; the offensive half of the court.
  27. Pivot
    A footwork technique in which a player keeps one foot in contact with a "spot" on the floor while moving the other foot to adjust the position of the body or to evade a defensive player.
  28. Triple-threat position
    Squared up to the basket with hand in shooting position - ready to shoot, pass, or drive
  29. Turnover
    A loss of possession of the ball by means of an error or violation.
  30. Defensive position
    feet apart and staggered, knees bent, back straight, arms raised to the sides, and head up
  31. Drop step
    If the offensive move is toward your lead foot, you must first perform a drop step in the direction of the attack
  32. Control dribbling
    Don't watch your dribble. Keep your knees bent and head up to see the rim. Dribble the ball close to your body at a knee height or lower. Focus on keeping the ball in contact only with your finger pads and maintain strong wrist and finger flexion. Finally, use your non-dribbling hand to shield your defended and protect the ball (to be used when closely guarded)
  33. Speed dribbling
    Don't watch your dribble. When moving forward, dribble the ball out in front of your body with the ball at waist height. As with control dribbling, effort needs to be made to dribble off the finger pads, with strong wrist and finger flexion, while protecting the ball with your other arm. (To be used when not closely guarded, during fast breaks, or when performing a quick drive to the basket.)
  34. What are the most neglected offensive fundamentals
    passing and receiving
  35. Chest pass
    Starting from a balanced position, hold the ball with two hands in front of your chest. Elbows should be in, with hands slightly behind the ball. Step toward your target as you extend your legs, back, and arms. Force your fingers and wrists through the ball with a snapping motion. Give emphasis to your weak hand, as the strong hand tends to dominate. Whenever possible look away from your target when passing or fake a pass to another area of the court first. This will give you an advantage over your opponent.
  36. Remember to...
    pass before you dribble
  37. First thing you should do when a shot goes up
    make contact with your opponent.
  38. Defenders are at an advantage because...
    they are already positioned between the basket and their opponent.
  39. Lay-ups
    focus your shot on the top near corner of the box on the backboard.
  40. Under-hand (scoop)
    Palm faces up with arm extended (softer shot)
  41. Jump shot, six keys
    • 1. Sight
    • 2. Balance
    • 3. Hand placement/Wrist position
    • 4. Elbow alignment
    • 5. Shooting rhythm
    • 6. Follow through
  42. Single most important part of free-throw shooting
  43. Develop a sound routine
    helps you remember your mechanics, relax, focus, and shoot with rhythm.
  44. man offense
    motion offense, involves passing, movement with the ball, movement without the ball, communication, and proper spacing.
  45. Man defense
    gains its strength from its ability to put constant pressure on the offense.
Card Set
for exam