the policy of extending a nation’s authority over other
countries by economic, political, or military means.
an extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President
Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the United States claimed the right to
protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs
of Western Hemisphere nations.
a 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to
free their country from Western Influence.
heir to Austrian throne; Archduke Francis Ferdinand, was...
Assassinated in Sarajevo,Bosnia
a law, enacted in 1917 that required men to register for
Selective Service Act
the principles making up President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for
World Peace following WWI.
Wilson's Fourteen Points
an association of nations established in 1920 to promote
international cooperation and peace.
League of Nations
postwar position of avoiding political and economic
involvement with other countries.
the 1919 peace treaty at the end of WWI, which established
new nations, borders, and war reparations.
Treaty of Versailles
a message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the
German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising
to help Mexico’s lost territories if the United States entered the World War I.
two laws enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh
penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Italian immigrants who were convicted and executed on the
basis of circumstantial evidence.
Sacco and Vanzetti
the spreading out of cities as a result of the use of the automobile.
the period from 1920-1933 during which the 18th
Amendment forbidding the manufacture and sale of alcohol was in force in the
a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during
African-American cultural renaissance.
landmark trial over evolution
flew solo across the Atlantic Ocean nonstop
Freethinking woman of new ‘20s attitude.
queen of blues singer.
king of the trumpet who personalized jazz.
group of WWI veterans who protested to be compensated for wartime
services, later forcibly disbanded by Hoover.
type of relief for the poor where cash payments or food is
provided by the government.
Soviet Union communist dictator
Hitler’s plan to deliberately kill all the Jewish people.
quick victory in sudden attack, German “Lightning War”.
giving up principles to pacify aggressor.
1939 an agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with
Nonaggression pact between Soviet Union and Germany
U.S. plan lent arms to Axis opponents.
an agency established by congress to control inflation
Office of Price Administration
founder of Brotherhood of sleeping car porters who fought discrimination in hiring in the military and industry.
A. Philip Randolph
U.S. general who with Omar Bradley liberated Paris in 1944.
General George Patton
a month-long battle of WWII, in which the allies succeeded in turning back the last major
German offensive of the war.
Battle of the Bulge
a name given to June 6, 1944—the day on which the allies
launched an invasion of the European mainland during WWII.
the allied forces commander in the Philippines in December
General Douglas MacArthur
the U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb for use in WWII.
a WWII battle that took place in early June 1942. The allies
decimated the Japanese fleet at Midway, an island lying northwest of Hawaii,
the allies then moved to Japan.
Battle of Midway
the atomic bomb was dropped on these two Japanese cities.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
the court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany after WWII,
in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes.
a name given to May 8, 1945 “Victory in Europe Day” on which General Eisenhower’s
acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany marked the end of
WWII in Europe
U.S. army unit created during WWII to enable women to serve in noncombat
WAACs (Women's Auxiliary
U.S. general who commanded D-Day and allied invasions of the
a name given to
the Servicemen’s readjustment act a 1944 law that provided financial and
educational benefits for WWII veterans.
G.I. Bill of Rights
confinement or a restriction in movement, especially under wartime
southern democrats against civil rights. (Nominee in 1948)
a business that has bought the right to use a
parent company’s name and methods, thus becoming one of a number of similar
businesses in various locations
a major corporation that owns a number
of smaller companies in unrelated businesses.
a residential town or community near
a preoccupation with the purchasing of
a social and artistic movement of the
1950s, stressing unrestrained literary self-expression and nonconformity with
the mainstream culture.
a form of American popular music that
evolved in the 1950s out of rhythm and blues, country, jazz, gospel, and pop;
the American musical characterized by heavy rhythms and simple melodies which
has spread worldwide having significant impacts on social dancing, clothing
fashions, and expressions of protest.
Rock ‘n’ Roll
the president of the “Camelot” years
whose vision for progress was called the New Frontier. Had three disadvantages;
age, inexperience, and being catholic.
John F. Kennedy
a communication link established in
1963 to allow the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to contact
each other in times of crisis.
an agency established in 1961 to
provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin
a group, headed by Chief Justice Earl
Warren, that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy and concluded
that Lee Harvey Oswald was alone responsible for it.
a law, enacted in 1964, that provided
funds for youth programs, antipoverty measures, small-business loans, and job
Economic Opportunity Act (EOA)
successor to Kennedy who conducted the war on poverty and
had vision of the Great Society.
Lyndon Baines Johnson
a federal program, established in 1965,
that provides hospital insurance and low-cost medical insurance to Americans
aged 65 or older.
a program, established in 1965, that
provides health insurance for people on welfare.
a law that increased the number of
immigrants allowed to settle in the United States.
The Immigration Act
a concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West
Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the Communist East German government to
prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West
President John F. Kennedy’s legislative
program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to
rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national
defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program.
President Lyndon B. Johnson’s program
to reduce poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life
in the United States.
the redrawing of election districts to
reflect changes in population.
a 1954 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that
“separate but equal” education for black and white students was
Brown v. Board of Education
a network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport
supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh Trail
President Nixon’s strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam
War, involving the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops and their replacement with
South Vietnamese forces.
gave Johnson military power in Vietnam.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
gasoline-based bomb dropped in jungle
president of the Rockefeller Foundation, as secretary of state.
a toxic leaf-killing chemical sprayed by the U.S. planes in Vietnam to
expose Vietcong hideouts.
President Johnson’s Secretary of Defense.
American commander in Vietnam.
a public distrust of statements made by the government
a U.S. military raid on a South Vietnamese village, intended
to root out villagers with ties to the Vietcong but often resulting in the
destruction of the village and the displacement of its inhabitants.