Geo Notes: Renaissance and Reformation

  1. Giovanni Boccaccio
    Famous writer of time of Black Plague; friend of Francesco
  2. Italian Renaissance (1350-1600)
    -where began?
    City-states of Italy
  3. Humanism
    -focus on secular, or worldly themes rather than religious ideas
  4. Individualism
    • an emphasis on the dignity and worth of the individual person
    • human improvement; people should develop their talents through many activities- politics, sports, the arts
  5. Francesto Petrarch
    wrote sonnets (abt. love for Laura- died in plague)
  6. Benevenuto Cellini
    • goldsmith and sculptor
    • one of first modern autobiographys
  7. Baldassare Castiglione
    gave advice on Renaissance ideal of good behavior in The Book of the Courtier
  8. Niccoló Machiavelli
    • diplomat
    • wrote The Prince - analyxed the politics of Renaissance Italy
  9. Social Groups of the Time
    • upper class- wealthy merchants/bankers
    • middle class- shopkeepers and artisons
    • bottom- pheasants
  10. Places with leading Roles in Renaissance
    Florence, Rome, & Venice
  11. Florence
    Birthplace of Italian Renaissance
  12. Rome
    Leading Renaissance City
  13. Venice
    • Port city of the Adriatic Sea
    • Known for artistic achievements
  14. Renaissance Arts
    • still religious subjects, but more secular/worldly overtones, made as realistic as possible
    • worked on perspective- anatomy, emocions
  15. Architecture
    • domes
    • columns
  16. Filippo Brunelleschi
    • dome designed & completed in 1436 for the Cathedral of Florence
    • - great engineering feat of the time
  17. Donatello, Michaelangelo, Ghiberti
    • Well known Renaissance Sculpturs
    • From Florence
  18. Michaelangelo Buonarroti
    • Learned Craft in Florence
    • Later sculpted works for the pope in Rome
    • Hired by Pope Julius II to paint Vatican's Sistine Chapel Ceiling
    • Works- statue of David, la pietá
  19. Lorenzo Ghiberti
    10 biblical scenes on bronze doors
  20. Painting style
    more realistic style
  21. Giotto
    • paintings
    • captured human emotions
    • frescoes of life of Francis of Assisi
  22. Masaccio
    • painting
    • lighting, perspective, depth
  23. Leonardo da Vinci
    • great Renaissance artist
    • Works- Mona Lisa, The Last Supper
    • - astronomy, mathematics, other mechanical inventions
  24. Raphael
    • painter
    • vatican, pope's apartment
  25. Lavina Fontana
    • female artist
    • portrait painter
  26. Sofonisba
    • female artist
    • became painter at King Philip II court
Card Set
Geo Notes: Renaissance and Reformation