Religion Chapter 9 Study guide

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  1. What was the reason for some people to live as hermits in the early 300's?
    To dedicate their life to prayer
  2. Who could be called the father of monasticism and why?
    Anthony of Egypt - brought together the group of hermits
  3. What are the rules that govern monastic living?
    Pray, work, study, service to those in need
  4. What is a monastery and who runs them?
    A place where monks or nuns live. run by Abbots (male) or Abbess (female)
  5. Tell about Basil the Great: (how we know him, contributions to the church, connection to the monastic way of life)
    Gave us the evangelical counsel (a vow or promise to live by poverty, chastist, and obedience) monks followed this routine- communal prayer, manual labor, contemplation, service to those in need
  6. Who is Benedict of Nursia and what is he known for?
    he lived in the western part of the Roman Empire, founded a monasterly at Monte Cassino, Italy. Monastic rule - prayer and work. Prayed 7 times a day
  7. Who is Scholastica?
    Benidict of Nursia's twin sister. a noun, abbess followed same rules as men
  8. Under the Benedictine system, each monastery was independent and under the rule of its abbot or abbess. Why did this turn out to be a problem?
    The rulers weren't always good people
  9. Why is the monastery at Cluny, France important?
    started the reform of monastic life.
  10. Who is Bernard of Clairvaux and what did he found?
    Led a reform, founded the Listercian order - a very strict order
  11. How did the monks and nuns make a positive change in the Church and the world?
    Fed the needs of society
  12. What caused the Roman Empire to weaken in the 5th century?
    Barbarians were invading the Roman territories
  13. Name the "barbarians" that invaded the empire.
    Goths, Visigoths, Vandals, and Huns
  14. What were some consequences of the invasions?
    The western part of the empire collapsed and the eastern part of the empire barely survived.
  15. How did Pope Gregory the Great help the Church at this time?
    Helped convert Pagens to christianity - developed the Gregorian Sacramentary. Gregorian Chant: set up missionaries, reformed the church.
  16. How did monks and nuns influence the pagan settlers?
    by the example of kindness and vurtued by examples not by words
  17. Who was Clovis and how did he impact the church?
    Kings were converted to Christianity and changed empire - present day France was originally settled by franks
  18. Who are Cyril and Methodius and what did they do?
    9th century brought good news to Jesus Christ from which many of the tribes have come
  19. Because of much of the work of holy men and women, much of invaded Europe had become Christian again by what year?
    1,000 A.D.
  20. Who was Charlemagne? Describe some of his contributions to the Christian education.
    800 AD Pope Leo Crowns him the holy Roman Empire. Leader of franks. Started to reform church and state, defended Christian Doctrine, reorganized the hierarchy in the church; saw to strict observance of all church rules and practices. Education - decreed all monasteries could educate anyone, set up schools
  21. Who conquered the Middle East, including sites in Jerusalem?
    Muslims - 6th century
  22. What territory did the Muslims conquer?
    Spain, Africa, Asia Minor
  23. What caused the Great Schism in the Church in 1054?
    Cultural differences
  24. What were the effects of Schism?
    The west = Roman Catholic Church - follows pope. The east = Eastern Catholic Church = a break (21 eastern catholic churches and orthodox church not in union with catholic church)
  25. The Catholic Church today consists of ____ Churches: The __________ Church and ___ Eastern Catholic Churches.
    22, Roman Catholic Church, 21
  26. What is the Eastern Orthodox Church?
    Split from Roman Catholic Church, an effect of the Schism.
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Religion Chapter 9 Study guide
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