Axial and Appendicular

  1. 3 types of cartilage, located where?
    • hyaline: ends of bones, rib tips, trachael rings, skull
    • fibrous: area w/ compressive tensile stress, knee disk
    • elastic: ear, epiglottis, nose
  2. Bone (2)
    Location? (N/A)
    • Replacement:
    • - axial = sclerotome epimere (ribs)
    • - appendicular = somatic hypomere (limbs)
    • Dermal: mesenchyme
  3. Term for condition with centrum and intercentrum?
    Term for just centrum
    • Dispondylous eg Amia
    • Monospondylous eg all Teleost
  4. Centra type: ampicoelous
    Is present in what group?
    fish salamander
  5. Centra type: opsithocoelous
    Is present in what group?
    lizard
  6. Centra type: procoelous
    Is present in what group?
    • alligtor
    • frog
    • snake
  7. Centra type: acoelous
    Is present in what group?
    mammals
  8. Centra type: heterocoelous
    Is present in what group?
    birds
  9. Amphibias have how many vertbral regions?
    What are they?
    • cervical
    • trunk
    • sacral
    • caudal ; sometimes
  10. Fishes have how many vertbral regions?
    What are they?
    Key features?
    • trunk
    • caudal
    • no centrum
    • dispondylous condition in caudal area
  11. Reptiles have how many vertbral regions?What are they?
    • cervical
    • thoracic + lumbar - both have ribs for snakes
    • sacral
    • caudal
    • odontoid process = atlas + axis fit togeher from axis projecting process
  12. Birds have how many vertbral regions?What are they?
    many fused vertebrae
Author
annzors
ID
87287
Card Set
Axial and Appendicular
Description
Terms
Updated