Biology II Final Review

  1. The earliest known land vertebrate



    C) was an amphibian
  2. In amphibians, gases are exchanged through lung breathing and through the



    A) skin
  3. Amphibians without tails are classifies in the order



    A) Anura
  4. Newts and salamanders are amphibians of the order



    B) Caudata
  5. Amphibians that have slender bodies and no limbs are classified as



    B) caecilians
  6. Some type of skeletal support
    a) exists in all animals, whether they are
    aquatic or terrestrial
    b) was necessary for animals to leave aquatic
    environments
    c) is present primarily in land vertebrates
    d) evolved
    first in reptiles
    • b) was necessary for animals to leave aquatic
    • environments
  7. Which of the following characteristics of the skeletons of frogs are
    adaptations for jumping?
    a) forelimbs attached to a pectoral girdle and
    hindlimbs attached to a pelvic girdle
    b) fusion of bones of the hind
    limbs and of the vertebral column
    c) cervical vertebrae
    d) bony
    vertebral column
    • b) fusion of bones of the hind
    • limbs and of the vertebral column
  8. The amphibian heart




    oxygenated blood
    • D) pumps both deoxygenated and
    • oxygenated blood
  9. The amount of oxygen
    a lung can absorb depends primarily on



    C) its internal surface area
  10. Frogs breathe by
    a) changing the volume and pressurein their chest cavity
    b) allowing air currents they encounter as they
    move to inflate their lungs
    c) changing the volume and pressure of air
    in their mouth
    d) expanding and contracting the muscles of the rib cage
    a) changing the volume and pressurein their chest cavity
  11. Adult frogs, like other amphibians, are



    B) carnivores
  12. Which of the following senses is not more developed in amphibians than
    in bony fishes?



    A) lateral line system
  13. The series of changes in the life cycle of a frog is called



    C) metamorphosis
  14. During metamorphosis in frogs,



    D) all of the above
  15. Which of the following is not a method used by at least some frogs for caring for fertilized eggs as they develop?



    C) laying egss on land
  16. The word amphibian is derived from Greek words meaning



    C) double life
  17. Which of the following is not evidence that amphibians evolved from a lobe-finned fish?



    C) Amphibians are still alive, while lobe-finned fishes are extinct.
  18. Amphibians have thin, moist skin



    D) to allow easier gas exchange.
  19. All terrestrial heart



    D) have a double-loop circulatory system.
  20. Pulmonary veins carry blood from the



    A) lungs to the heart.
  21. Which of the following is not a preadaptation in the transition from aquatic to terrestrial life?



    C) a lateral line system.
  22. Male frogs attract females by means of



    C) vocalizations
  23. Frogs reproduce in water or moist places because their eggs



    D) All of the above
  24. Which of the following is a reptilian adaptation to living on land?



    D) The amniotic egg
  25. Reptiles are



    A) Ectothermic
  26. Unlike other living reptiles, crocodilians



    C) Care for their young after hatching
  27. Some animals are oviparous. This means their young



    B) Hatch from eggs laid outside the mother’s body
  28. The chorion and amnion are



    B) protective membranes in reptile, bird, and mammal eggs
  29. Crcodilians are



    D) carnivorous
  30. Autotomy in lizards and other animals is the ability to



    B) detach a limb when attacked by a predator
  31. Snakes are reptiles for the order



    B) Squamata
  32. The heat-sensing organs between the eyes and nostril on each side of the head of a rattlesnake are the



    B) pit organs
  33. Scientific evidence suggests that birds arose from



    D) dinosaurs
  34. The earliest flying vertebrates were



    C) dinosaurs
  35. Which of the following is not a function of contour feathers?



    C) food capture
  36. A bird’s skeleton is



    D) all of the above
  37. Birds excrete most of their nitrogenous wastes as



    A) uric acid
  38. Which of the following statements is not a true statement providing evidence for the hypothesis that birds evolved from a dinosaur ancestor?



    B) Dinosaurs lack a collarbone, as do birds.
  39. The tuataras are named for the
    a) spiny crest on their back.
    c) the islands they inhabit.
    b) large size.
    d) the prey they eat.
    a) spiny crest on their back.
  40. a bird's heart has



    D. four chambers
  41. lungs and air sacs are structures of the respiratory system of a(n)



    B. bird
  42. The eggs of reptiles, birds, and mammals are surrounded by



    C. watertight membranes
  43. The outermost membrane of a reptilian egg is the



    B. chorion
  44. Which of the following associations between a bird order and a member of the order is incorrect?



    D. Passeriformes - swan
  45. Melodious songs are characteristics of ______ songbirds.



    C. male
  46. The syrinx of a bird functions in



    C. producing songs
  47. The syrinx is located at the base of a bird's



    B. trachea
  48. Mammals, as well as birds, have



    B. a four-chambered heart
  49. The large eye sockets on early mammals suggest that the mammals



    B. were active at night
  50. What adaptions did therapsids and mammals share?



    D. All of the above
  51. Mammals arose from early reptiles called



    C. therapsids
  52. Which of the following statements about the earliest mammals is true?



    A. they coexisted with dinosaurs but did not compete with them for food and other resources
  53. The sheet of muscle at the bottom of the rib cage of mammals is called the



    D. diaphragm
  54. The skin of reptiles is



    C. dry and watertight
  55. Evaporation of body water can be limited by



    D. All of the above
  56. Reptiles, except for alligators and crocodiles, have a heart that has



    B. two atria and one partially divided ventricle
  57. While frogs breathe by changing the air pressure in their mouths, reptiles breathe by
    a. expanding and contracting the muscles of their lungs
    b. contracting the rib cage
    c. changing the air pressure in their thorax
    d. taking in air they encounter as they move
  58. Endothermic animals



    B. have bodies whose metabolisms maintain a constant internal temperature
  59. Which of the following is not a reason for the success of the dinosaurs?



    B. a predominantly carnivorous diet
  60. Turtles belong to the order



    D. chelonia
  61. Unlike other reptiles, turtles and tortoises



    C. do not have teeth
  62. Birds are different from reptiles in that they



    D. All of the above
  63. Which of the following characteristics of birds is not found in Archaeopteryx?



    B. beak
  64. The first wings appearing on animals are thought to have been used for



    D. All of the above
  65. Feathers



    A. took the place of scales as the body covering of birds
  66. Which of the following would contour feathers most closely resemble when seen under a microscope?



    D. a chain-link fence
  67. The bones of birds



    A. are thin and hollow
  68. A bird's crop



    B. temporarily stores food
  69. Food taken into a bird's body is ground up in the



    B. gizzard
  70. Bird respiration is very efficient because



    D. a system of air sacs permits birds to have oxygenated air in their lungs during both inhalation and exhalation
  71. Talons would most likely be found among birds that



    D. capture their prey
  72. Large, flat feet would most likely be found on birds that



    A. cannot fly
  73. A recently developed way to infer relationships among species of birds is the study of



    A. DNA
  74. The asteroid impact hypothesis suggests that the mass extinction of dinosaurs was the result of



    A. a meteorite that struke Earth and caused thick dust clouds
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ID
87082
Card Set
Biology II Final Review
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