Geography - Populations
What are the physical factors affecting distribution and density? (7)
What are the human factors affecting distribution and density? (3)
Decribe the meaning of
The number of people living in a given area, per km
How would you describe an area that has relatively few people? It is ________ populated.
What is the red line on a demographic transition model?
What is the blue line on a demographic transition model?
What is the dotted line on a demographic transition model?
What is the space between the red and blue lines symoblise? Which line must be at the top for it to be increasing?
Natural decrease/increase in population.
The birth rate must be higher than the death rate.
How many stages are in a demographic transition model?
What causes birth rates to be high? (4)
No birth control
Children die in infancy, therefore parents tend to have more in hopes some will survive. (LEDC)
Children are needed to work on the land
What causes high death rates? (4)
Poor/lack of medical facilities.
What causes falls in death rates? (4)
Improved medical care
Improvements in food quality and quantity
What causes falls in birth rates? (5)
Lower infant mortality = less children being born.
Industrialisation - less need of child workers
Modernisation - increased desire for possessions
Rights for woman - allowing them to pursue careers
birth and death
Birth and death rates per 1000 people per year
What is the case study for limiting the population?
China's One Chilid Policy
What did China's One Policy enforce?
Couples had to apply to be married before having a child
Raise of marriage age for both women and men
Only one child per family
If people complied to China's One Child policy what did they receive? (3) What happened if they did not? (3)
Free education for their child
Sterilisation for males
In terms of infants, what was the unfortunate result of China's One Child Policy?
What do the 4 population structures look like?
What are the problems of having an ageing population? (2)
More money is needed for elderly homes and medical care
Less money and time is spent on youth
What is the case study for an ageing population?
What has caused an ageing population? (3)
Better medical care
More money spent on the elderly
Better living conditions
What is the case for population distribution and density?
Why is there a problem of density and distribution in Brazil?
90% of the population live on the coast because the inner regions are inhabitable.
What is the average population density for Brazil?
20.3 per km
Geography - Populations
Geography Populations + Case Studies