Geography vocab II

  1. Assimilation
    merging into a composite culture and becoming culturally homogenized
  2. Culture hearth
    cultural innovation- ideas that diffuse from origin to other places
  3. Cultural landscape
    part of the landscape modified by humans
  4. culture traits
    smallest distinctive items of a culture
  5. environmental determinism
    physical environment by itself shapes humans, their actions, and their thoughts
  6. Ethnocentrism
    believing one's own people/culture as setting the proper standard for others
  7. language family
    group of languages thought to have common origin in a single earlier tongue
  8. Possibilism
    viewpoint that people are the dynamic forces of cultural development
  9. Antecedent
    (cultural classifi)
    placed b4 cultural landscape developed
  10. anthropogeographic boundaries
    change in the cultural landscape or dominant cultural or ethnic group
  11. Centripetal forces
    • bind together people of a state
    • (opposite centrifugal forces(apart))
  12. geometric boundaries
    straight lined or curved and follow some precise measurement
  13. metropolis
    center of specified activities including local national and worldwide
  14. nation-state
    state whose territory is identical to that occupied by a particular nation
  15. relict
    (cultural classifi)
    • political boundary, ceased to fx but still has an imprint on the cultural landscape
    • E/W German border
  16. Subsequent
    (cultural classifi)
    set after the cultural landscape developed
  17. superimposed
    (cultural classification)
    set in place as a result of wars or colonialism
  18. town
    single urban function dominates
  19. Commercial economy
    producers market goods and services, laws of supply and demand set price and quantity, and marketing is essential for production decisions and distributions
  20. Economic activities
    involve the occupational structure, or the proportion of workers found in each economic activity
  21. Planned economy
    Communist controlled society controls the development of goods and services and also supply and price
  22. primary activity
    agriculture, mining, and other extractive activities
  23. Quaternary activity
    services related to information and research
  24. secondary activity
    manufacturing and processing of primary products
  25. Subsistence economy
    goods and services are produced for the use of the producers. Little exchange of goods and marketing is limited
  26. Tertiary activity
    called service activity, retailing and other services
  27. acid rain
    from the burning of fossil fuels, generally with a pH<5
  28. aquifer
    layer of water-bearing, porous rocks lying between impermeable layers
  29. Biocides
    herbicides and pesticides
  30. Fertilizers
    • excess nutrients in water
    • (eutrophication)
  31. greenhouse effect
    gases released concentrate in the atmosphere, thus providing an insulation barrier for heat, causing warming of the earth
  32. hydrologic cycle
    involves the cycling of water in different forms and cmposition through evaporation and transpiration
  33. hydrosphere
    surface and subsurface waters not immediately available for use
  34. resource reserves
    • nuclear energy
    • (fission process)
  35. troposhere
    layer of air closest to the earth, extending upward about 7-8 miles
  36. ozone
    formed from automobile and industrial gas emissions
Card Set
Geography vocab II
Geography vocab II