# Bio C. 5

 _________ is the change in position that occurs when all points on a body or object move in circular paths about the same fixed axis. also referred to as rotation. Angular Moion _______ causes angular motion. Produced, in human, by muscles. Torque ______ is the turning effect produced by a force. Also called______. TorqueMoment of Force Torques are produced by______ or _______ Eccentric ForceForce Couple External force not directed through the center of gravity of object • Effect - cause a change in the linear and angular motion of object Eccentric Force Pair of forces equal in size but opposite in direction and noncolinear • Effect - cause a change only in the angular motion of an object Force Couple The torque produced by a force is directly proportional to the: 1._________ 2._________ 3. ________ 1. Size of the force2. Distance between the line of action of the force3. the axis of rotation • The distance between the line of action of the force and the axis of rotation. • Is the perpendicular distance between the line of action of the force and a line parallel to it that passes through the axis of rotation. Moment Arm ______ is a vector quantity so it therefore has magnitude and direction. Direction is indicated by a positive (+) or negative (-) sign. Torque The conventional approach is to indicate _______ torques as positive (+) and ________ torques as negative (-). More than one torque can also be added or subtracted to or from each other. Counterclockwise Clockwise Net Torque • Torques acting around an axis can be summed. • if the sum of all the torques is zero then a condition known as _________ is achieved. • If the sum of the torques acting around an axis are not zero then rotation will occur around the axis. Static Equilibrium • Muscles create the force to turn the joints • Torque produced by the muscle on the distal limb will cause limb to rotate in one direction. • Muscles ability to create torque is dependent upon joint angle. Muscular Torque • Defined as the point at which the entire mass or weight of the body my be considered to be concentrated. • The imaginary point that is not any one part of the body Center of Gravity (COG) The force of Gravity acts downward If an external force acts on the body, the acceleration of the body caused by the force is the acceleration of the COG Center of Gravity (COG) Since the human body is not a rigid body, the location of the _____ depends on the position of the limbs and the distribution of mass throughout the body Center of Gravity (COG) ______ is capacity of object to return to equilibrium or original position after being displaced Effected by Height of CoG Size of base of support Weight of object Stability The most stable position is the one that minimizes potential energy Stability and Potential Energy Authorbbiggs ID8625 Card SetBio C. 5 DescriptionBio Updated2010-03-01T18:58:40Z Show Answers