Micro Final

  1. Flesh eating streptococooal infection
    Strep pyogenses (GAS) Skin swelling fever, confusion, shock, dead skin
  2. Streptpococcal impetigo
    strep pyogenes, pyoderma, dry crusties
  3. Staphlycoccal wound infection
    Staph aureus, swelling at wound site +fever+pus+rash
  4. Scalded skin syndrom
    Staph aureus, Peeling of the skin by exfolent toxin, red skin, often in new borns and immunocomprimised
  5. Hair folicle infection
    Staph aureus, bumps on the skin with pus
  6. Antivirus
    Tamiflu,amantadine, Rimantidine
  7. Analogs
    AZT, Acyclovir
  8. Antifungals
    Miconazole, Amphotericin B, Fluconazole
  9. DNA inhibitors
    Rifampin, Ciprofloxacin
  10. Antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis
    Streptomycin, Tetracycline, Ethromycin
  11. Antibiotics that inhibit the cell wall
    Methicillin, Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Augmentin, vancoycin
  12. Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection
    Pesudomonas aeruginosa, found in burn pts, and cystic fibrosis, Blue green pigment (pyocyanin)
  13. Warts
    Human Papilloma virus, benign skin growths
  14. Chicken Pox
    Varcella (chicken pox) Zoster (shingles) Virus, Rash on face and trunks. NO ASPRIN! Causes Reye's syndrom.
  15. Cold sores
    HSV-1 Herpes virus, painfull sores on lips that come and go. (Latent in nerevs)
  16. Tineas
    Ringworm, Dermatophyles, Circular scarly rash on skin, Keratinase as virulence factor
  17. Meningococcal Meningitis
    Nesseria meningits, Petechiae on skin(purple spots)
  18. Listeriosis
    Listeriosis monocytogenes, found in deli meat and unpasturized milk, can cross the placenta so pregnant woman should avoid these things
  19. Botulism
    Clostridium Botulinum, Progressive flacid paralisis and respitory faliure
  20. Tetanus
    Clostridum tetani, Strick anaerobe, Lock jaw, TIG shot, DTap Vax
  21. Rabies
    rabies virus, hydrophobic, agitation, animal bite wound, RIG shot, No TX after symptoms show
  22. Difference between Meningitis and encephalitis
    • Meningitis = swelling of maningis
    • Encephalitis = Swelling of the brain
  23. Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis
    Cryptococcas neoformans, comes from pigeons, is a yeast 30% mortality, Treat with Amphotericin B
  24. Toxoplasmosis
    Toxoplasma gondi (protozoa) Comes from cats (cysts in feces) pregnat women should avoid. Treat with TMP-SMZ
  25. zCJD Variant creutefeld Jacob disease
    Mad cow disease Prion protein, Behavior changes neurological symptoms, muscles tremors weight loss, from eating raw cow meat that has been exposed.
  26. West Nile fever
    West nile virus, arbovirus, Insect bite, common in the elderly, Dead birds
  27. Gram Neg Septicemia
    E-coli, Enterbacter, Pseudomonas, Red streaks up the lymphs
  28. Gram Positive Septicemia
    Staph, Strep, Entercocci, TSS low blood pressure
  29. Subacute endocarditis
    Staph epidermidis, Strep spp, Slow moving develops over a few weeks. Bacteria form a biofilm on the heart tissue blocking the blood vessels. Heart murmmer, stroke
  30. Acute endocarditis
    Staph aureus, or strep pneumoniae, Fast moving death with in days, Same symptoms as Subacte
  31. Gas Gangrene
    Clostridum Perfringins, foul smell necrotic tissue blackend tissue
  32. Bubonic plague
    Yersina pestis (endotoxin Gram neg rod) From rats anchent disease swollen black lymphnodes
  33. Lymes disease
    Borrelia burgorferi, bulls eye rash at bug bite, flu like symtoms
  34. Infectious Mononucleosis
    Ebstein Barr virus (EBV) Kissing disease, poss lymphoma, Swollen lymphs general weakness
  35. Yellow fever
    Yellow fever virus, incsect bite jaundice black vomit, viremia
  36. Malaria
    • Plasmodium Flacioarum Sick all the time
    • Plasmodium vivax Most common
    • Plasmodium malariae Sickness come in intervals every 2-3 days
  37. Schistosomiasis
    • Schistosomiasis mansoni, Japonicum, hematobium
    • Bloody urine hard to urinate exposed to unsanitary conditions causes granulomas in tissues and cysts in urine and feces
  38. AIDS
    • Aquired Immunodefienency Syndrome caused by the HIV virus.
    • Cat A- asymptomatic
    • CatB- presistant infections with candida, shingles, diarreah and fever
    • Cat C- Clinical AIDS Opportunistic infections rearley seen in heathly people T H cells down.
  39. Common cold
    • Rhinovirus
    • Corona virus
    • Self limiting (about one week) less that one viron will make you sick
  40. Strep throat
    • Strep pyogenses (GAS)
    • Pus in back of throat bad breath
  41. Otitis Media
    • Ear ache
    • Haemophilus influenza
    • Strep pneumoniae
    • Strep pyogenses
    • Staph aureus
    • Ear pain or pressure most common in childeren, Bulging ear drum
  42. Pertussis
    • Whooping cough
    • Borditella pertussis cough that lasts one month whooping sound while gasping for air. Common in infants
  43. Turberculosis
    • Mycobacterium tubercolosis
    • Fever chronic cough progressive wieght loss (active form)
    • Slow moving bacteria pos x-rays, Clumped red rods
  44. Pneumococcal pneumonia
    • Strep pneumoniae, cough fever chest pain, pink or rust color sputum capsual stain
    • fluid accumulation in lungs
Card Set
Micro Final
Terms to know for the Final