Chapter 16

  1. Existentialist Theory
    • concerned with the meaning of life
    • views human nature as neutral
    • personal choice
  2. Dasein
    da- there sein- to be
  3. umwelt
    physical existence
  4. mitwelt
    interpersonal relationships
  5. eigenwelt
    a persons consciousness
  6. three modes of existence
    • unwelt
    • diwelt
    • eigenwelt
  7. freedom
    most important attirbute that individuals have where they ahve the ability to make choices
  8. responsibility
    for the decisions that we make
  9. ontology
    the study of existence
  10. Phenomenology
    to understand why people do something, ask them
  11. Authenticity
    experienced when you exercise freedom of choice to expand consciousness and expand values to minimize values to minimize anxiety
  12. Death
    • human beings are capable of understanding our mortality
    • our time in this existence is finite and this thought may cause anxiety
  13. Throwness (Destiny)
    facts that characterize a persons existence over which we have no control
  14. The Human Dilemma
    object - subject dichotomy
  15. object-subject dichotomy
    • obejct-
    • refers to one's destiny
    • subject-
    • contingencies in our environment
  16. Intentionality
    the fact that mental events are directed towards objects outside of ourselves that allows us to partially overcome the dichotomy between subject and object
  17. will
    directing behavior to achieveing certain goals to move us forward
  18. wish
    imaginative playing with a number of possible goals we may pursue
  19. Anxiety
    • results when freedom is threatened
    • anxiety is a fact of existence that is necessary to living a meaningful life
  20. Guilt
    results when you do not live up to your potential as a human being
  21. Normal Guilt
    part of a healthy existence and can be used constructively
  22. neurotic guilt
    results when we avoid taking risks that could lead to neurotic anxiety
  23. values
    • summarize those classes of experience that we deem especially important
    • development patterns for values exist
  24. commitment
    • the manifestations of value in behavior
    • values get us to commit to what we deem important
  25. The Nature of love
    • sex
    • eros
    • philia
    • agape
  26. sex
    biological drive
  27. eros
    the desire for a union with another person
  28. daimonic
    any natural function that has the power to take over the whole person
  29. philia
  30. Agape
    unselfish givingof one's self to another
  31. Psychotherapy
    convert neurotic anxiety or guilt to normal anxiety or guilt
  32. unconscious
    cognitive experiences that are denined awareness because a person is not living an authentic life
  33. encounter
    2 selves coming together and sharing aspects of their exostence
Card Set
Chapter 16
Rollo Reese May