The entire array of organizations through which information is collected and disseminated to the general public.
Media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest.
Targeting media programming at specific populations within society.
on the record
Information provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source.
off the record
Information provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public.
Limitations on the substance of the mass media.
equal time rule
The rule that requires broadcast stations to sell air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any.
A relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press.
An unrestricted session between an elected official and the press.
The influence of news sources on public opinion.