Understanding music final

  1. Monophony
    A single, unaccompanied melody
  2. Homophony
    One melody of real interest combined with other sounds
  3. Polyphony
    When two or more melodies are played or sung simultaneously
  4. Who were the first to write down music?
    Monks and other clerics- church
  5. Chant
    • AKA plainchant or Gregorian chant
    • monophonic
    • no established meter
  6. Hymn/mass
    • Ex. Ave maris stella by Dufay
    • Usually in homophony
  7. basso continuo
    • made up of cellos, organs, and harpsicords
    • This ties together the Baroque period
  8. Opera
    • Drama presented in music, with characters singing instead of speaking
    • Most characteristic of Baroque music
  9. Recitative
    • The technique of decliaming words musically in a heightened, theatrical manner
    • Used for plot action/dialogue
  10. Aria
    Artists showing off more, to express more emotion, accompaniment with entire orch.
  11. Fugue
    • One theme throughout
    • Tends to have improvisation
    • A polyphonic composition for a fixed number of instrumental lines or voices
    • The Art of the Fugue by Beethoven
  12. Concerto
    • Orchestra genre of the Baroque Era
    • Contrast between an orchestra and a soloist
  13. Movement
    A self contained section of music that is part of a larger work
  14. First movement
    • A bright, extroverted piece in a fast tempo
    • Ritornello form
  15. Second movement
    Quieter, softer, and more emotional
  16. Third movement
    • Fast again--if anything, faster than the first
    • In ritornello form
  17. Ritornello form
    • The orchestral music that usually starts the movement off
    • Where soloists and orchestra take turns
  18. Variation form
    • Uninterrupted repetition of one clearly defined melodic unit
    • Changes that rouse the listener's interest w/o stopping the original unit/theme
  19. Cadenza
    An improvised solo passage within a larger piece
  20. Exposition
    • Beginning of the fugue
    • all the voices present the subject in an orderly way
  21. Suite
    • a collection of miscellaneous dances together in a genre
    • Intended for listening, not dancing
    • Written for an orchestra
  22. Overture
    • Substantial piece of music introducing a play, opera, ballet
    • In the ABA pattern
  23. Castrato
    • very high pitched singer
    • Farinelli
  24. Oratorio
    • an opera on a religious subject
    • AKA Messiah
    • In the Baroque Era
  25. Symphony
    A large, impressive concert piece for the orchestra
  26. Sonata form
    Opening movement of every symphony
  27. Exposition
    • a large, diverse section of music
    • First part of the sonata
  28. Sonata form
    Exposition (T1 T2) stable, development unstable, Recapitulation (T1 T2) Stable
  29. Rondo Form
    • A simple form- to close movements
    • Tend to relatively light
Card Set
Understanding music final
understanding music