Science Exam 9-10

  1. Skeleton Bones:
    Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Orbit, Maxilla, Mandible, Cervical Vertebrae, Thoracic Vertebrae, Lumbar Vertebrae, Sacrum, Coccyx, Clavicle, Scapula, Sternum, Cartilagenous Ribs, Bony Ribs, Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Carpals, Metacarpals, Phalanges, Ilium, Ischium, Femer, Patella, Tibia, Fibula, Talus, Calcaneus, Tarsals, Metatarsals, Phalanges
  2. Agnatha:
    Lampray, Hagfish; subterminal jawless mouth, gill holes, cartilageneous endoskeleton;heterothermic;smooth skin; eternal oviparous
  3. Chondrichthyes:
    Sharks, Skats, Rays; subterminal mouth, gill slits, cartilagenous endoskeleton; homoeothermic; smooth skin; external internal oviparous, viviporous, ovoviporous
  4. Osteichthyes:
    Fish w/ scales; terminal mouth, gills flap, bony-endoskeleton; heterothermic; mucus covered scales; external & internal ooviparous, viviporous, ovoviporous
  5. Amphibia:
    Frogs, Toads, Salamanders; metamorphosis, aquatic larvahe, terrestrial adults; heterothermic; moist skin; external fertilization, oviporous
  6. Reptilia:
    Lizards, Snakes, Turtles, Crocodiles; claws, scutes, scales; heterothermic; dry skin, covered with scales; internal oviparous, ovoviviparous
  7. Aves:
    Birds; claws, wings, beak or bill, care for their young; homoeothermic; feather covered skin; internal oviparous
  8. Mammalia:
    Cows, Badgers, Dogs, Cats; milk, oil, wax producing glands,letrapods, care for their young; homoeothermic; hair covered skin; internal viviporous, oviparous
  9. Skeletal Systems Design of a Creator:
    They have similar structures with dissimilar functions. These similar structures show common design, since there are no common ancestors found in the fossil record.
  10. Vertebrate Skill:
    Eye Orbit, Cranium, External Auditory Meatus, Mandible, Lower Incisors, Canine, Upper Incisors, Molars
  11. Describe and Examples of Joints:
    • Hinge-bend in only one direction-elbow, knee,between phalangies
    • Gliding-limited movement sideways and up and down-between carples and tarsels
    • Pivot-rotates and swivels-between atles and axis
    • Ball & Socket-free movement in all directions-shoulder and hip
  12. Label Skulls to their Trophic Level:
    Carnivore, Omnivore, Herbivore
  13. 3 Major Characteristics of the Chordata Phylum:
    1) Porsal Notochord 2) Nerve Cord 3) Embryonic Pharyngeal Puches
  14. Deadly Owls:
    • Facial Discs-sound receivers, enable them to see in the dark and fly by sound
    • Beak-crush skulls
    • Talons-prey cannot escape
    • Flight Feathers-designed for silent flight
  15. Owl Feeding:
    1) prey is positioned in the beak 2) swollowed whole 3) digested in glandular stomach 4) nutrients pass to the muscular stomach 5) hair and bones are pressed together 6) pellet is expelled wastes excreated
  16. Vocabulary:
    • Tendons-connect musceles to bone
    • Muscles-supply power and range to motion
    • Ligaments-connect bone to bone
    • Synovial Fluid-the lubricantive fluid in skeletol joints
    • Cartilage-tough elastic skeletal tissue
    • Oviparous-egg laying
    • Viviparous-live birth
    • Ovoviviparous-eggs hatch internally
    • Operculum-gill flap
    • Loreal Pit-heat sensing pit
    • Tympanic Membrane-eardrum
    • Digits-Phalanges
    • Gullet-Esophagus
    • Chromatophore-skin pigmentation for camouflage
    • Mesentaries-the membranes holding the intestines in place
    • Hepatic-having to do with the liver
    • Vertebrates-having a backbone
    • Homologous-having the same structure
  17. The Frog:
    • 1) Internal Nostrils
    • 2) Eustachian Tubes
    • 3) Glottis
    • 4) Tongue
    • 5) Heart
    • 6) Gall Bladder
    • 7) Pancreas
    • 8) Fat Bodies
    • 9) Testis
    • 10) Small Intestines
    • 11) Ureter
    • 12) Urinary Bladder
    • 13) Anus
    • 14) Large Intestine
    • 15) Kidneys
    • 16) Spleen
    • 17) Stomach
    • 18) Liver
    • 19) Lungs
    • 20) Esophagus
    • 21) Tongue Attachment
    • 22) Gullet Opening
    • 23) Maxillary Teeth
    • 24) Eye Sockets
    • 25) Vomerine Teeth
Card Set
Science Exam 9-10